The answers have the right to probably just be uncovered through historical sources and methods,
First, the answer to your second question.
You are watching: Why does july have 31 days
The existing calendar that many of the western civilization uses is Gregorian Calendar1, i m sorry is an innovation over Julian Calendar, i m sorry itself was an innovation over classic Roman Calendar.
Now, on to the an initial question.
Generally months with 31 and 30 job come in alternative fashion other than for July and August which space consecutive. So why execute they both have 31 days?
To answer this, we need to an initial look into the mmsanotherstage2019.com of roman Calendar. The first roman calendar deadline to legendary Romulus had 10 months, and it began from Martius, i.e. The month we contact March. And that can still be checked out in the modern-day calendar today. September, October, November, and also December room 9th, 10th, 11th and also 12th months respectively, however Sept comes from Latin because that 7, Oct is for 8, and so on.
After that, there to be a couple of (minor) changes to the roman Calendar prior to the arrival of Julian Calendar. At the time, there to be 12 months, through Iunarius and also Februarius, new months included before Martius. And also yet, an ordinary year had 355 days, however, a dry solar year, i.e. The period of Earth"s transformation around the Sun, is about 365.25 days. Therefore, prior to this time, Romans provided to add a month called Mensis Intercalaris that 27/28-days between Februarius and Martius come balance this. (the in-depth scheme have the right to be seen in the wikipedia write-up on Julian Calendar).
To adjust this, the calendar was significantly overhauled under the regime of Julius Caesar. One of the consequences of this reform to be Quintilis (Quint - 5; so currently the 7th month), which currently had 31 days, kept 31 days; and also Sextilis (Sex - 6; so now the 8th month), which previously had 29 days, acquired a boost of 2 days and also now had 31 days.If one is curious, the net change was January (Iunarius), Sextilis (August), and December acquired 2 work each, whereas Aprilis (April), Iunius (June), September, and November gained 1 day each.
Now because that the surname of this months. ~ the death of Julius Caesar, Quintilis to be renamed come Julius in his honor, i beg your pardon is the origin of July. Similarly, Sextilis was renamed come Augustus in the respect of climate reigning emperor Augustus.
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Interestingly, subsequent queens Tiberius, Caligula, Domitian and Commodus (unsuccessfully) tried to rename September ~ themselves, but failed.
1 Technically, present calendar - the UTC is a further modification of Gregorian Calendar, because a Leap 2nd is occasionally added, to store the time of day close to median solar time. Yet for all helpful purposes, it"s not substantially different native Gregorian Calendar.