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vassal, in feudal society, one invested v a fief in return for services to one overlord. Part vassals go not have actually fiefs and also lived at your lord’s court as his household knights. Certain vassals who held their fiefs straight from the crown to be tenants in chief and also formed the most important feudal group, the barons. A fief hosted by tenants of this tenants in chief was referred to as an arriere-fief, and, once the king summoned the whole feudal host, the was stated to summon the ban et arriere-ban. There were female vassals as well; their husbands fulfilled their wives’ services.
Under the feudal contract, the lord had the duty to administer the fief for his vassal, to protect him, and also to perform him justice in his court. In return, the lord had actually the best to demand the solutions attached to the fief (military, judicial, administrative) and also a right to various “incomes” well-known as feudal incidents. Examples of events are relief, a tax paid as soon as a fief was moved to an heir or alienated by the vassal, and also scutage, a taxation paid in lieu of army service. Arbitrarily arrangements were slowly replaced by a system of addressed dues on occasions restricted by custom.
The vassal fan fealty come his lord. A breach the this duty to be a felony, pertained to as therefore heinous an violation that in England all significant crimes, even those that had actually nothing to execute with feudalism proper, happened called felonies, since, in a way, they were breaches the the fealty owed to the king as guardian of the general public peace and also order.
The vassals’ civil liberties over the fiefs flourished larger and also larger in food of time, and also soon fiefs ended up being hereditary in the feeling that investiture could not be withheld indigenous an heir that was ready to do homage. The rule of inheritance tended to safeguard an undivided fief and also preferred the eldest among the boy (primogeniture). This rule was much from absolute; under pressure from younger sons, parts of one inheritance can be collection apart for them in compensation (see appanage). Vassals additionally acquired the appropriate to alienate their fiefs, through the proviso, first, of the lord’s consent and, later, top top payment of a certain tax. Similarly, they obtained the best to subinfeudate—that is, to end up being lords themselves by approving parts of their fiefs to vassals of their own. If a vassal passed away without heritage or committed a felony, his fief went earlier to the mr (see escheat).
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The editor of Encyclopaedia mmsanotherstage2019.comThis short article was most recently revised and also updated by Adam Zeidan, associate Editor.