In 1330 only about 5% that the populace could review or write. It was exceptionally rare for peasants to it is in literate. Part lords the the manor had laws banning serfs from being educated.

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It was usually only the sons indigenous rich family members that checked out school. Over there were three main varieties of schools in the 14th century: the elementary school song-school, the monastic school and the grammar school.

The primary school song-school was normally attached come a huge church in a town. At this kind of institution young boys were teach to song Latin hymns and songs. If there to be an education priest easily accessible the boys might learn how to read and also write.

Monastic schools were for boys being trained for the church. The boys were taught by monks and also all great were concerned with spiritual education. Monastic schools periodically taught regional boys from negative families. In exchange because that lessons this boys functioned as servants in the monastery. Because that example, periodically boys native Yalding were offered permission to work-related at St. Mar Magdalene Priory in Tonbridge. This priory had been created by Richard de Clare in 1140.

Grammar institutions were usually part of a cathedral or large church. The main concern of these schools was come teach guys Latin grammar. Grammar institutions were very comparable to the schools created by the Romans. And grammar the guys were taught logic (the arts of arguing) and also rhetoric (the arts of publicly speaking). They likewise followed the Roman instance of not spending much time on topics such together mathematics and also science.

Oxford and also Cambridge to be the two key centres of finding out in England. Established in the 12th century, these 2 universities took boys as shortly as they were taken into consideration to be ready for advanced studies. This intended that few of the boys were as young together thirteen.

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(1) A woodcut of one elementary tune school.

Students in ~ Oxford and Cambridge acquired a Bachelor the Arts degree by attending an agreed variety of lectures. If they want a understand of Arts level they had to stay for one more three years. And studying, this students had actually to end up being teachers at the university.

Elizabeth de Clare, who inherited a third of the household estates after the death of her brother at Bannockburn, took a keen attention in education. After the fatality of her third husband in 1322, Elizabeth decided against marrying again.

Elizabeth was one of the wealthiest women in England. However, unequal a most rich people, Elizabeth believed it was vital to assist the poor. Her accounts display that in one five-month period she gave aid to over 5,000 different people. That these, 800 got a daily allowance native Elizabeth.

Elizabeth de Clare disagreed v the watch that serfs have to not walk to school. She arranged for a huge number of civilization who resided in her towns to it is in educated. She additionally paid because that those boys who showed talent come be educated at Oxford and also Cambridge universities.

In 1336 Elizabeth gave the money for the foundation of Clare College, Cambridge. This detailed an education and learning for twenty scholars. And also donating a substantial amount the money she additionally became connected in deciding what the students should study. Students at Clare university attended lectures ~ above law, medicine, religion and the arts.

(1) legislation passed by King Richard II and also his parliament in 1391.

No serf or villein.... Must put his kids to school.

1. Compose a couple of sentences around the following species of institution in the 14th century: (a) elementary song-school, (b) monastic school, (c) grammar school.

2. Define what Elizabeth de Clare did to boost the education of the peasants who stayed in the towns that she owned.

3. Read law 30 the the town Custumal and source B. Offer as many reasons as you have the right to why some civilization did not desire the serfs to learn just how to read and also write.

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4. Write a debate between Elizabeth de Clare and Ralph, Earl of Stafford, ~ above the benefits and defect of educating serfs.