There are countless properties that researchers use to describe waves. They incorporate amplitude, frequency, period, wavelength, speed, and also phase. Every of these properties is explained in more detail below.

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Graphing a WaveWhen illustration a wave or looking in ~ a tide on a graph, we attract the tide as a snapshot in time. The vertical axis is the amplitude that the tide while the horizontal axis deserve to be either distance or time.
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In this snapshot you can see the the highest point on the graph that the wave is dubbed the crest and the lowest point is referred to as the trough. The line through the facility of the wave is the resting position of the tool if there to be no tide passing through.We can determine a number of wave nature from the graph.AmplitudeThe amplitude that a tide is a measure up of the displacement that the wave from its remainder position. The amplitude is shown on the graph below.
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Amplitude is typically calculated by looking on a graph the a wave and measuring the height of the tide from the resting position.The amplitude is a measure up of the toughness or intensity of the wave. Because that example, as soon as looking at a sound wave, the amplitude will certainly measure the loudness that the sound. The power of the wave likewise varies in direct proportion to the amplitude of the wave.WavelengthThe wavelength the a wave is the distance in between two matching points ~ above back-to-back cycles that a wave. This have the right to be measured between two crests that a tide or 2 troughs of a wave. The wavelength is usually represented in physics by the Greek letter lambda (λ).
Frequency and PeriodThe frequency that a wave is the number of times per second that the tide cycles. Frequency is measure in Hertz or cycles per second. The frequency is often represented through the lower case "f."The period of the wave is the time between wave crests. The duration is measured over time units such as seconds. The duration is usually stood for by the upper situation "T."The period and frequency are closely related to every other. The duration equals 1 end the frequency and also the frequency is equal to one end the period. They are reciprocals that each other as presented in the adhering to formulas.

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Speed or Velocity that a WaveAnother important property of a tide is the rate of propagation. This is how fast the disturbance that the wave is moving. The rate of mechanically waves depends on the tool that the tide is traveling through. Because that example, sound will travel at a different speed in water than in air.The velocity that a tide is usually stood for by the letter "v." The velocity can be calculate by multiply the frequency by the wavelength.
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