Greek City-States

The Greek city-states were the dominant settlement structure of the ancient Greek world and helped specify how various regions communicated with each other.

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Athens native the east

This hand-colored woodcut gives us an artist"s concept of what Athens might"ve looked like during the roman emperor Hadrian, as soon as its iconic monuments and temples were still in their prime.

Photograph by phibìc Wind photo Archive / Alamy share Photo


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A city-state, or polis, to be the community structure of ancient Greece. Each city-state was arranged with an urban center and also the surrounding countryside. Qualities of the city in a polis were outer walls because that protection, and also a public room that contained temples and also government buildings. The temples and also government buildings were often developed on the height of a hill, or acropolis.A surviving example of a structure central to an ancient acropolis is the famed Parthenon the Athens. The Parthenon to be a temple built to respect the goddess Athena. The majority of a polis’s populace lived in the city, as it to be the center of trade, commerce, culture, and also political activity.

There grew to more than 1,000 city-states in ancient Greece, however the main poleis were Athína (Athens), Spárti (Sparta), Kórinthos (Corinth), Thíva (Thebes), Siracusa (Syracuse), Égina (Aegina), Ródos (Rhodes), Árgos, Erétria, and also Elis. Every city-state ruled itself. They differed greatly from the each other in administer philosophies and also interests. Because that example, Sparta to be ruled by 2 kings and a board of directors of elders. The emphasized preserving a solid military, when Athens valued education and also art. In Athens every masculine citizen had actually the ideal to vote, for this reason they were ruled through a democracy. Fairly than have a solid army, Athens maintained their navy.

Greek city-states likely developed because the the physical geography of the Mediterranean region. The landscape features rocky, like the mountain land and also many islands. These physical obstacles caused population centers to be reasonably isolated from every other. The sea was often the easiest method to relocate from location to place. One more reason city-states formed, rather than a central, all-encompassing monarchy, was the the Greek aristocracy strove to preserve their city-states’ independence and to unseat any potential tyrants.

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This hand-colored woodcut provides us one artist's ide of what Athens might've looked like throughout the roman inn emperor Hadrian, when its iconic monuments and temples to be still in their prime.