The speaker’s sex is never ever specified in the poem. However, one might take into consideration Elizabeth Barrett Browning to be the speaker, as she specialized this city to her husband. The speak muses the end loud about her love for someone and then, transparent the sonnet, lists the means in i m sorry she loves him. She addresses this human being directly.

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The sonnet adheres to the Italian form as developed by Petrarch. It contains 14 lines: one octet (eight lines) followed by a sestet (six lines). The poem follows a traditional rhyme system for this type of sonnet: ABBAABBACDCDCD. It has end rhymes and follows iambic pentameter, complying with a herbal rhythmic pattern.

“I love thee freely, as men strive for right” (simile) – Using words “as” to develop the simile, the speak compares the way in i beg your pardon she loves her husband come the way in which mankind strives come do an excellent in the world. Her love is as freely and spontaneously given as the dedication of males who strive to accomplish good things for humanity.

“I love thee purely, as they turn from praise” (simile) – Using words “as” to develop the simile, the speaker compares the pure and humble nature of her love come the humility that decent men exhibit. Just as decent human beings commit good deeds without expecting prayer in return, she loves purely without expectation the reward,.

“By sun and candle-light” (metaphor) – The mention of sun and candle-light serves together a metaphor for the i of time and also the course of one’s life. The speaker’s love fills her days and keeps she going through life.

“I love thee come the depth and breadth and also height/ my soul can reach” (metaphor) – The speaker attempts come quantify she love by measure the physical an are it take away up. As love is one abstract concept which cannot be measured, the references to these dimensions are plan metaphorically come convey the immensity of she love.

“I love thee” (alliteration) – The expression is technically repetitive throughout the poem. However, lines seven through nine all start with this phrase, emphasizing the sincerity the the speaker.

“I love thee with a love I appeared to lose” (alliteration) –The repeat of the “l” consonant rolls off the tongue and also creates a soft and also somber tone.

“I love thee to the depth and also breadth” (assonance) — The repeat of the short “e” sound in “depth” and also “breadth” produces a rhyme and also gives the speak a matter-of-fact tone. She confidently actions the immensity of she love.

“I love thee freely, as males strive because that right” (assonance and also alliteration) – The indigenous “thee” and “freely” both save a long “e” sound that gives the speaker a confident, liberated tone. The long “I” sound included in “strive” and also “right” creates a hefty sound, suggesting the plight of world who work tough to do things ideal for humanity.

In present nine with twelve, the speaker explains how she once had actually to shot hard to get rid of the disappointments of her past. Now, she is convert that powerful energy right into something positive, transforming the sore of the past into the joy of the present. Similarly, she once believed she had actually lost the love she felt for the “saints” in her life. Now, she realizes that she is just as capable of love strongly as before. This time, she has actually channeled she love for she husband.

The ton is romantic and confident at the outset. The speak is details of she love and also wishes come analyze all of its nuances. However, the tone turns somber and humble as soon as she mentions the grievances of her past. The speaker has actually suffered disappointments that might or might not need to do v her religious faith. Regardless of these setbacks, however, her confidence has been revitalized by her love for she husband. The entire poem is a contemplation of her life’s experiences and the ways in i m sorry they have shaped her understanding of she love.

The speaker is the protagonist, describing her love for her husband. The antagonist might be thought about fate or also God—forces that may difficulty her ability to love when she is gone. While her love is powerful, just God can pick whether she will be able to love in the afterlife.

The speaker has actually suffered spiritual disappointments in the previous that when threatened come diminish her volume to love. Furthermore, she wonders if God will choose to let her love her husband even more once she has left this world.

The climax occurs in line nine, at the start of the final sestet. The ton shifts come a religious one, together the speaker digs deeper into her spirit to disclose all the means in which her love outshines the pains of her past. Her love for she husband is exalted come the allude of spiritual adoration, as he seems to replace the “lost saints” she as soon as revered before.

The last two lines foreshadow the speaker’s eventual death. She acknowledges that one day she will be gone, and also she expresses hope that she will have the ability to love she husband even an ext after her passing.


No examples of understatement.


The speaker alludes to religion and also spirituality throughout the poem. She believes her love can prolong to the depths of she soul, also when she is no much longer supported by the grace of God. Her love for her husband is as intense as what she once felt for the shed “saints” of she life. Lastly, she mentions God by name; she proclaims that she will certainly love her husband even more when she is unable to do if God chooses to permit her do so.

“Depth and breadth and height” (metonymy) – The measurements defined represent the vastness of the speaker’s love. Love is provided a physics presence, and also the speaker attempts to measure up it together a means of reflecting how great it is.

“My soul deserve to reach”— In a way, the spirit is personified together a human being being that reaches out, just as the speaker attempts come “show” through measurements the really vastness of her love.

“Depth and also breadth and also height” – The speaker’s love is illustrated as bigger than life or together an actual physics mass capable of gift measured.

“I love thee with a love I appeared to lose/With my shed saints” – The speaker exalts her lover by comparing him to saints or people qualified of being as pure and perfect as saints.

“I love thee with the breath,/Smiles, tears, of all my life” – The speaker explains her love together a deep physical experience, as if this affection is consisted of within every breath and movement she makes.

“I shall however love thee much better after death” – The speak believes she is qualified of loving she husband even much more strongly ~ she is gone.

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Sonnet 43 (How execute I love thee? allow me count the ways.) Questions and also Answers

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