The llama (Lama glama) is a large camelid that originated in phibìc America about 40 million years ago. Llamas moved to southern America and Asia around 3 million years ago. By the finish of the critical ice-age (10,000 – 12,000 years ago) camelids to be extinct in north America. Together of 2007, over there were end 7 million llamas and also alpacas in south America and due to income from southern America in the so late 20th Century there are currently over 100,000 llamas and 6,500 – 7,000 alpacas in the US and also Canada.

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The ax Llama is periodically used more broadly, to indicate any of the four closely related animals that comprise the south American branch of the household Camelidae: the true llama, the vicuña, alpaca and also guanaco.

Differentiating characteristics in between llamas and alpacas are that llamas space larger and have more elongated heads. Alpacas additionally have a much more luxurious wool 보다 llamas. The most apparent visual difference between llamas and also camels is the camels have a hump or humps and llamas perform not.

Llamas were supplied as a pack animal by the Incas and also other natives of the Andes mountains. In south America llamas space still offered for beasts of burden, fibre production and meat.

Llama Characteristics

The elevation of a full-grown, full-size llama is between 5.5 feet (1.6 metres) to 6 feet (1.8 metres) high at the peak of the head. Llamas can weigh around between 280 pounds (127 kilograms) and 450 pounds (204 kilograms). At birth, a infant llama (called a cria) have the right to weigh in between 20 pounds (9 kilograms) come 30 pounds (14 kilograms).

Llama ear are fairly long and also slightly curved inward, characteristically known as banana shaped. There is no dorsal hump. Feet room narrow, the toe being much more separated 보다 in the camels, each having actually a distinct plantar pad. Your tail is short and also their fibre is long, woolly and also soft.

Below space the general features of a llama:

Average Life Span: 15 – two decades Average Gestation: 331 – 359 days variety of Offspring: Usually solitary births Weaning: 5 – 6 months mean Weight: 200 – 400 lbs median Height: 4 feet – 4 feet 5 inches at shoulder height – 5 feet – 5 feet 6 inches in ~ head height. Sound: just a gentle hum, however, when they room upset or scared they can make a shrill alarm sound. Temperament: Calm, friendly, contempt shy and very intelligent. Health: few vet problems; worming – 2 or 3 times a year; vaccination against clostridial diseases and also tetanus once a year. Floor requirement : best 4 – 6 every acres. Shelter: Although very hardy, llamas perform need access to a ar shelter to protect them from poor weather elements. Fencing: standard stock fencing. Feeding: Grazing during the summer. In winter, grazing supplemented through hay and also a tiny hard feed daily. Llamas need fresh water available at every times. Shearing: as with sheep, llamas require shearing v summer come prevent warm stroke. Stomach Compartments: 3 Toes per foot: 2 name for infant llama: Cria

Llama Behaviour

The Llama is a very intelligent animal and an extremely easy to train. In simply one to 5 repetitions they will certainly learn and remember numerous skills. Llamas have the right to be trained to do numerous things such as expropriate a halter, gift led ~ above a lead and also they have the right to be trained to acquire in and also out the a vehicle, and also they can additionally be trained to traction a dare or bring a pack. Llamas are really sociable animals but lock do require the companionship the their own kind.

Llamas space a really gentle, shy and also a very curious animal. Llamas room calm in nature and also have typical sense, which make them easy for anyone, even kids to handle. Llamas are very enjoyable animals and they room fun to execute things with, however, most llamas perform not look for affection and they favor not come be handled excessively.

Llamas interact with each other by ear position, body language, spitting and also humming. Llamas usually just spit at various other llamas to establish dominance and also do not spit at people. The habit that spitting is a defence mechanism. However, usually, a llama would favor to operation away than to confront their suspect aggressor, and also is not always a regular occurrence. The is believed to be due in part to their shy disposition.

The sound of the llama making groaning noises or walk ‘mwa’ is regularly a sign of are afraid or anger. If a llama is agitated, he will certainly lay his ears back. One may determine exactly how agitated the llama is through the materials in the spit. The an ext irritated the llama is, the further earlier into every of the 3 stomach compartments the will shot to attract materials from, because that its spit.

When appropriately reared spitting in ~ a human is a rarely thing. Llamas are very social herd animals, however, and do periodically spit at each various other as a means of disciplining lower-ranked llamas in the herd. A llamas social rank in a herd is never static. Llamas can always move up or under in the society ladder by picking little fights. This is usually done between males to view who becomes alpha.

Llama fights space visually dramatic through spitting, ramming each other with your chests, neck wrestling and also kicking, mainly to hit the various other off balance. The female llamas space usually just seen spitting as a method of managing other herd members.

Llama Reproduction


When mrs llamas space 12 come 18 months of period they are all set for their very first breeding. The male llama get his sexual maturity roughly 18 come 24 month of age. Llamas perform not have a warmth cycle, however, they space induced ovulators. Llamas have the right to be bred any time of the year. Fifty work is the average gestation time.

A solitary baby, referred to as a ‘cria’ is typically born without assistance. Crias are born in the daylight hrs from a standing position and is normally up and also nursing in about 90 minutes. The mean birth load of a cria is approximately 18 come 35 pounds. Rarely execute twins occur. The weaning time because that the cria is normally 5 month old, depending upon the all at once health.

Llama Sounds

Llamas gift herd animals communicate v a variety of sounds.

Llama Humming

This sounds comparable to a human being humming and is the main an approach of communcation. Llamas hum, uneven humans, when they are tired, distraught, curious or worried. Mothers may additionally hum to greet their new baby. The humming sound is supplied for many different reasons. Hold your mouse on the photo to hear to a Llama humming sound.

Llama Clucking

This sounds choose a person clicking your tongue indigenous the roof of their mouth come the bottom of your mouth. Llamas regularly hold back their ears when they do this and also seem to do this as soon as greeting brand-new llamas or flirting v the woman llamas.

Llama Orgling

This sounds favor a human gargling. This sound is make by the male once approaching a female because that breeding and will proceed until the copulation is complete, which deserve to be anywhere from 20 minutes to an hour.

Llama alert Call

This contact is made when the llama is feeling threatened or startled by miscellaneous . It is a loud, high pitched rhythmic sound. Gift herd animals, this speak to is offered to alert the others in the herd once one spies a predator.

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In the wild, llamas take trip in herds. When one of them spy a predator they do an alarm speak to to warn others. If your llamas room making an alert call, go and also investigate. Probably what they room seeing might not be a threat, however, they room seeing something.