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A minute in History


Antoine Louis (1723–1792)

French surgeon, anatomist, and physiologist. Adhering to his medical studies and a lengthy career as a physiologist, Antoine luigi was named Permanent Secretary of the royal French Academy that Surgery. His other titles to be those of Professor that the imperial Academy, Consultant surgeon of the armies of the King, member that the Royal society of sciences of Montpellier, Inspector of the Royal armed forces Hospitals, and also Doctor in regulation of the college of Paris. Together a member of these academies louis was instrumental in the design and also construction the the guillotine. Initially referred to as the "Louisette", this machine was later named after an additional French physician in the exact same committee, Dr. Joseph-Ignace Guillotin.

Antoine Louis" surname is much better know to background as the eponymic beginning of the "sternal angle" additionally know together the "Angle that Louis" and synonymously (probably by misspelling or translation) the "angle the Lewis", and also "angle the Ludwig". This anatomical landmark is extremely necessary as the serves as a superficial landmark for important anatomical incidents (click here).

See more: What Does Brandon Mean In Greek, What Does Brandon Mean

As a point of controversy, there are some that challenge the background of this eponym adjudicating it come Pierre Charles Alexander louis (1787-1872), another French physician devoted to the examine of tuberculosis.

Sources:1. Srickland, N; Strickland A angle of Louis, more Than Meets the Eye. MedTalks:2. Ramana, R. K., Sanagala, T. And also Lichtenberg, R. (2006), A new Angle top top the angle of Louis. Congestive heart Failure, 12: 197–199 3. "The beginning of medical Terms" Skinner, HA; 1970

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The suffix <-(o)cele> arises from the Greek meaning "dilation" or "pouching". In clinical terminology this suffix is provided to typical "hernia", "bulging", or a "dilation". In older times a synonym was offered for hernia: "rupture".

Examples the use of are:

 Orchiocele: The prefix  method "testicle" or "scrotum". Refers to a scrotal or testicular bulging, a scrotal hernia • Hydrocele: The source term <-hydr-> means "water". A watery dilation. Usually offered to describe the buildup of fluids in the scrotum• Hydatidocele: Refers to a dilated cyst comprise hydatids, the larval kind of the tapeworm Echinococcus granulosus or Echinococcus multilocularis Enterocele: The source term <-enter-> way "intestine" or "small intestine". The bulging of the tiny intestine into the vagina because of weak of the quality wall• Cystocele: The source term <-cyst-> method "bladder" or "sac". The bulging of the urinary bladder right into the vaginal canal due to the fact that of weakness of the vaginal wall• Cystourethrocele: A mix of source terms; <-cyst-> way "bladder" or "sac" and <-urethr-> means "urethra". The bulging that the urinary bladder and also urethra into the quality canal• Myelomeningocele: A mix of root terms; <-myel-> means "spinal cord" (also "bone marrow") and also <-mening-> way "menynx". The herniation of the spinal cords and also its meningeal coverings right into the back, developing a bulge• Varicocele: The root term <-varic-> method "varix" or "sac". A bulging of the skin led to by varices