A Christmas CarolA Ghost Story the Christmas

Nov. 23 – Dec. 20

By Charles DickensAdapted and originally directed by Michael WilsonDirected by Rachel Alderman

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Hartford Stage

Noble Shropshire together Jacob Marley. Photo by T. Charles Erickson.

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While modern audiences most regularly associate ghosts through Halloween, the cold and dark the winter was an ominous time full of secret for the Victorians. The chilling winds and also freezing temperature were exceptionally dangerous because that the many impoverished world who lacked proper clothes and shelter. Through cures for many typical illnesses inaccessible or simply not yet discovered, winter was commonly accompanied by death. While efforts at vacation cheer brought some degree of warmth and festivity, the gray landscape and quiet nights conquered the victor imagination. When he composed A Christmas Carol, Dickens capitalized top top this by using ghosts together impactful symbols to communicate his message and provoke changes in his characters and also audiences alike. The resulting story is a an effective “ghost story of Christmas,” the initial text of i beg your pardon Dickens prefaced in December 1843: “I have endeavored in this Ghostly small book, come raise the Ghost of an Idea, which shall not put my readers the end of humour with themselves, v each other, v the season, or through me. Might it haunt their houses pleasantly, and no one great to put it.”


The chain brought by the ghost of Jacob Marley is just one of the most conspicuous symbols in the play. “I stay the chain i forged in life,” Marley speak Scrooge in plot 1, step 3. “I do it attach by link, and also yard by yard.” when he was alive, Marley spent his time in the pursuit of wealth rather than doing great for his other human beings. His action forged an invisible chain supposed to bind his spirit to the earth, and also the greedier the became, the longer and also heavier the chain grew. Now dead for seven years, Marley warns Scrooge the a similar fate (and a longer, more heavier chain) awaits that if he does not adjust his ways. “Is sample strange to you? Or would you recognize the weight and length the the solid coil you bear yourself? it was as heavy and as lengthy as this 7 Christmas Eves ago. You have actually labored in it since. It is a ponderous chain” (1.3).


The Ghosts that A Christmas Carol. Picture by T. Charles Erickson.

The Ghost that Christmas past represents memory. She mirrors Scrooge events from his previous in hopes of shedding light on exactly how Scrooge came to be bitter and also miserly and also to repeat him that he to be not always that way. If the Ghost can aid Scrooge remember that he once was, there might still it is in hope for him.

The Ghost that Christmas present represents sacrament and good will. He shows Scrooge scenes of human being sharing what they have with each other, also if lock have an extremely little. This Ghost looks for to display Scrooge the the true definition of the holiday is discovered in the delight that comes from giving come others and also celebrating together. If Scrooge is to change his life, over there is no far better time to begin than Christmas.

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The Ghost that Christmas Future represents fear of death. This Ghost intends to display Scrooge that if he continues in his current fashion, over there is a reckoning the awaits him. In death, Jacob Marley paid because that his plot on Earth. If he does not change, Scrooge will endure the exact same fate. The affection the Cratchits host for one another in the wake up of tiny Tim’s fatality stands in stark comparison to the predictions for Scrooge’s future, and pushes Scrooge to make a choice.