When I first moved to Germany, sein wasn’t simply a verb I had to learn, it to be the verb.

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Sein, which means “to be,”is easily oneof the many versatile verbs in the German language.

It’s right up there alongside haben,which method “to have.”

Mastering the basics the this one verb opens up for this reason many aspects of everyday conversation.

Want to present yourself?

Hallo, ich bin ______. (Hello, i am______.)

Need to use the bathroom?

Entschuldigung, wo ist dice Toilette? (Excuse me, where is the bathroom?)

It’s all about sein.

Seems quite easy, right? not so fast.

Whileseinmight be one of the most advantageous verbs in the German language, it’s likewise the most irregular—which begs the question:How carry out you conjugate sein?

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How to Conjugate the German Verb Sein in7 Ways

Sincesein appears so commonly in German, learning to conjugate it appropriately is essential.

Since it’s irregular, adhering to a pattern all its own, you’re more likely to remember the exactly conjugations if friend get regular exposure to it. One engaging way to do just that is v mmsanotherstage2019.com.


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mmsanotherstage2019.com has interactive captions that provide you instant meanings for any type of word or expression in the videos friend watch, in addition to pronunciations and also extra intake examples. Adaptive exercises provide the practice you have to internalize vocabulary words—and essential verbs like sein in its miscellaneous conjugated forms. Multimedia flashcards reinforce what you’ve learned, keeping your German mastery strong.

Try it out through the free trial and also see howsein is used—in all its tenses and also moods—in the everyday speech of indigenous German speakers.

1. Seinin the present tense

Using seinin thepresent tense is quite straightforward—any time you’d use a shortcut of “to be” in English, you deserve to use sein in German.

The lone exemption to this dominion is the progressive tense, i m sorry doesn’t have a German equivalent.With that being said, here’s just how to conjugatesein in the present tense:

ich bin (I am)

du bist (you are)

er/sie/es ist (he/she/it is)

wir sind(we are)

ihr seid (you are)

Sie/sie sind(you/they are)

Remember:German has actually multiple words because that “you.”Duis the informal singular,ihris the not blocked plural, andSie through a funding “s” have the right to be supplied for both the formal singular and also formal plural.

2. Seinin the literary past tense

You deserve to use seinin thePräteritum (literary previous tense)to say the somethingwas miscellaneous or somewhere.

Er battle im Urlaub. (He to be on vacation.)

Here’s exactly how to conjugatesein in the literary previous tense, or Präteritum:

ich war(I was)

du warst(you were)

er/sie/es war(he/she the was)

wir waren(we were)

ihr wart(you were)

Sie/sie waren(you/they were)

The GermanPräteritumis frequently referred to as the literary past tense since it’s mainly used in formal writing, such together books, newspapersand skilled emails.

That gift said, German dialect vary, and as a resultsein, haben,and the otherModal verbs are additionally often offered intheirPräteritumforms in talked German as well, depending upon what region you’re in.

3. Sein andsubjunctive II

The subjunctive II, or KonjunktivII, isn’t a tense, yet rather a mood, and it’s supplied to indicate things such together politeness or uncertainty:

Danke, das wäre super. (Thank you, that would be great.)

Here’s exactly how to conjugatesein in the subjunctive:

ich wäre(I would be)

du wär(e)st(you would certainly be)

er/sie/es wäre(he/she/it would be)

wir wären(we would be)

ihr wäret(you would be)

Sie/sie wären(you/they would certainly be)

Insider Tip:If you ever discover yourself in a German-speaking country, a usual question the cashier will certainly ask you is,“Wäre das alles?” which means “Would the be all?” You deserve to reply v something like “Ja, danke das war’s” which way “Yes, say thanks to you, that was it.”

4. Sein and the perfecttense

A. How sein is used to form the perfecttense

One of the factors whyseinis the most crucial verb in German is the it’s supplied alongside habento type thePerfekt (perfect)tense.

Most German speakers use the Perfektto explain the previous in both talked German and also informal writing, such as messages with friends and family.

To kind the Perfekt, you require two things: an auxiliary verb (habenorsein) and a past participle, orPartizip II.

And don’t forget, the jet goes in ~ the finish of the sentence!

So, exactly how do girlfriend tell as soon as to useseinand as soon as to usehabenas the assistant verb?

A general rule of ignorance is the verbs that takeseininvolve eithermotionorachange in condition:

Er ist gefahren.(He drove.)

Er ist gestorben.(He died.)

Although this seems choose a pretty simple rule, even progressed speakers will mess this increase from time come time, for this reason don’t worry if you execute as well. Just keep practicing and also eventually it will certainly become second nature.

Here’s a listof verbs the take sein.Remember that in state ofhabenandsein, verbs with separable prefixes behave just like their parent verbs.

If you’re still unsure around how to produce thePartizip II, use resources such asLingoliaandVistaWide come learn and also practice.

B. How to conjugate sein in the perfecttense

Seincan be created in thePerfekt,just like any other verb:

ich bin gewesen (I have actually been)

du bist gewesen(you have been)

er/sie/es ist gewesen(he/she/it has actually been)

wir sind gewesen(we have been)

ihr seid gewesen(you have been)

Sie/sie sind gewesen(you/they have been)

ThePerfekttense is the straightforward tense the English native speakers have actually the many trouble through initially since we have tendency to analyze it directly. Save in mind the thePerfektand Präteritumdon’t have different interpretations in German.

Therefore, bothich bin gewesenandich war average “I was,” and also both are likely to pop up in yourAlltagsdeutsch,your daily German.

Now the we’ve covered several of the basics withsein, let’s dive a tiny deeper!

More advanced Uses the the German Verb Sein

Basics are good, but sometimes they just aren’t enough.

Particularly if you desire to be considered fluent in any kind of language!

Verb time form such together theFutur IIor theKonjunktiv I(which we’ll visit here) can be unusual inAlltagsdeutsch,but they’re important to know if you want to move past a A2/B1 level the understanding.

The verb develops in this ar are challenging, also for advanced/native speakers, so feel totally free to take your time discovering them.

Don’t issue if you struggle at first! due to the fact that they’re an ext complicated, these verb develops are far much more common in created German 보다 they room in talked German.

5. Sein and the past continuous

ThePlusquamperfekt (past continuous)otherwise well-known as thePQP,is a verb tense provided to define actions that were emerging before the simple past:

Ich war gelaufen, als es geregnet hat.(I to be running once it rained.)

Du warst entspannter, nachdem du nach Spanien gereist warst. (You were more relaxed ~ you had traveled to Spain.)

The same rule for thePerfektapplies here as well: useseinformovementandchanges in condition.

ThePQPcombines thePräteritumand thePerfekt:

ich battle gewesen(I had been)

du warst gewesen(you had been)

er/sie/es war gewesen(he/she/it had been)

wir waren gewesen(we had actually been)

ihr seid gewesen(you had been)

Sie/sie sind gewesen(you/they had been)

When usingseinas thePartizip IIin thePQP, you’re essentially saying the you to be somewhere or somethingbeforesomething happened.

Ich war schon mal ns Restaurant gewesen. (I had remained in the restaurant before.)

Insider Tip:Depending ~ above what region you’re in, you might hear thePQPused in location of thePerfekt in the Umgangssprache(another native forAlltagsdeutsch). Although this is grammar incorrect, it’s usual enough to precious noting.

6.Sein andsubjunctive I

The subjunctive I, orKonjunktiv I,is a mood, similar to theKonjunktiv II, yet its use is much more limited, andis relatively uncommon in spoken German.

Konjunktiv Iis typically used in newspapers and news channels because it allows the reporters to maintain distance indigenous what that is that they’re reporting. In Germany, this is called indirect speech, orIndirekte Rede:

Er sagte, dass er kein Kriminal sei. (He claimed that that isn’t a criminal.)

This is actually a much more elegant equipment than in English due to the fact that it straight implies a certain amount that discretion/uncertainty, as opposed come repeatedly having actually to say “he/she said.” Unfortunately, since it doesn’t have an English equivalent, the only way you’ll be able to get a feel for that is by experiencing and also practicing it!

Here’s exactly how you conjugateseinin theKonjunktiv I:

ich sei(I am)

du sei(e)st(you are)

er/sie/es sei(he/she/it is)

wir seien(we are)

ihr seiet(you are)

Sie/sie seien(you/they are)

Insider Tip:When utilizing eitherKonjunktiv IorIIin the previous tense, merely replace the assistant verb (haben or sein) through thecorrectKonjunktivconjugation.

Das wäre gut gewesen. the would have actually been good.

Er sei nicht da gewesen. He claimed he wasn’t there.

7. Seinand the future

The future, or Futur,tenses space two of the least essential German tense come know, to it is in honest.

Instead of making use of theFutur, Germans frequently use the present tense with temporal information.

Instead of, “morgen werde ich da sein,” (I will be there tomorrow) you’ll hear, “ich bin morgen da” (I am over there tomorrow).

Still, theFuturtense will certainly come up from time come time, therefore it’s important to know how to conjugate it.

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Here’s just how to conjugateFutur I:

ich werde sein (I will certainly be)

du wirst sein (youwill be)

er/sie/es wird sein(he/she/it will be)

wir werden sein (we will certainly be)

ihr werdet sein(youwill be)

Sie/sie werden sein(you/they will certainly be)

Even much more uncommon is theFuturII, which is supplied to speak that an event will have actually happened in the future:

ich werde gewesen sein(I will have actually been)

du wirst gewesen sein(you will have been)

er/sie/es wird gewesen sein(he/she/it will have actually been)

wir werden gewesen sein(we will have been)

ihr werdet gewesen sein(you will have been)

Sie/sie werden gewesen sein(you/they will have actually been)

Although theFuturforms are rarely used, they’re sometimes used come emphasize the something will be or will have been.

Es wird ein Krieg sein. (There will be a war.)

Das wird bis Freitag fertig gewesen sein. (That will be finished by Friday.)

This all could seem choose a lot at first, but keep at it and you’ll haveseinmastered in no time!

And remember, if you ever before need help,wir sind für dich da!

Translation: We’re here for you!

Download: This blog post is accessible as a convenient and also portable PDF that youcan take it anywhere. Click below to acquire a copy. (Download)