I’m trying to learn spanish on Duolingo and whenever I have to translate “My name is X” Into spanish I alway mix the two up and would like to know when each of them is used. It’s really discouraging cause that seams to be the only thing I’m having difficulty with so far.

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For any practical purposes, there's no difference between the two. You can use either in any setting. People might try to add some type of nuance (e.g. one sounds more formal than the other) but they're equivalent.

In terms of grammar, mi nombre es is simply stating what my name is, while me llamo means "I call myself" or "I'm called". You can say yo me llamo x, but never yo mi nombre es x, for instance.

Well "Me llamo..." is more common in every situation; and "Mi nombre es..." is so rare to hear, you can use it in formal situations, but using "Me llamo..." it's perfectly fine.

and for "Mi nombre es..." you can use it when you're thinking about you, your life, or something more philosophical

They both essentially mean the same thing, while the literal translation for me llamo is I am called and for mi nombre es is my name is, they can be used interchangeably. While in English you almost never hear someone say I am called ..., in Spanish it is rare to hear someone say mi nombre es ... . Me llamo is used way more often

in Spanish it is rare to hear someone say mi nombre es

I think it's more common in presentations and formal stuff.

At least in Google Books, me llamo is more common. I usually insist on it with my students because it is their first reflexive verb.

From my understanding me llamo most directly translates to, “I am called” and Mi nombre is literally, “My name” I could be wrong though

The way I see it, the former is noun (nombre) based and the latter is verb (llamar) based. In English both versions of the translated sentence need the verb "to be," but that's not the case in Spanish. That is, "my name is Dave" or "I am called Dave."

They are the same.

Yo use "me llamo" most of the time.

"Mi nombre es" is for presentations and formal stuff.

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