Telling time in English can be confusing. Ns happy to help! There room a few rules to remember, please:

#1. Informing Time in English: making use of ‘Past’ or ‘To’

As we know, there room 60 minutes in one hour. Through minutes 1 – 29, us say the past (or after) the hour. For example, “It’s ten past three”, or 3:10. Or one more example, “It’s twenty after eight”, or 8:20. V minutes 31 – 59, we say to (the next hour). Because that example, as soon as it’s 10:40, we say “It’s twenty to eleven” (Eleven minus twenty minutes). Or when it’s 3:50, us say “It’s ten to four” (Four minus ten minutes). Remember, it’s always correct come say “It’s 3:50”. Yet many times, you will certainly hear civilization say “It’s ten to four”. English learners need to be mindful of that. And they need to be comfortable utilizing “past, after, and also to” to express time.

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#2. When to use ‘a Quarter’ and also ‘a Half’

Like us said, there are 60 minutes in an hour. We division our time in quarters and also halves. It’s confusing at first, yet it does do expressing time easier. At minute 15, us say that “quarter past”. Or we say, it’s “quarter after”. Both “quarter past” and also “quarter after” space equally correct. So, once it’s 7:15, us say that “quarter past seven”. Or when it’s 1:15, we say that “quarter ~ one”. At minute 45, us say that “quarter to” the next hour. Because that example, in ~ 5:45, us say it’s “quarter come six” (or 15 minutes prior to 6:00). At minute 30, we say the “half past”. So in ~ 9:30, we would certainly say that “half past nine” (or half an hour after ~ 9:00). Again, please remember that it’s it s okay to speak “It’s 7:15”. Or “It’s 5:45”. However you will definitely hear human being say “It’s 4 minutes 1 after seven”. Or “It’s a 4 minutes 1 to six”. So ns encourage you to obtain comfortable and confident express time in quarters and halves.

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#3. A.M or P.M: What Time is it?

As we all know, there are 24 hrs in a day. Hrs 1 v 11 room pretty simple. In the ninth hour, we simply say “It’s 9:00”. But hours 12 come 24 can be a little different 보다 what other societies are accustomed to. For hours 0 v 12, we contact this “A.M.”. So for hour 7 (in the morning), us say “It’s 7 A.M.” (7:00 A.M.). For hours 12 to 24, we speak to this “P.M.”. So because that example, at hour 14, us say “It’s 2 P.M.” Again, there are social differences that might make “A.M.” and also “P.M.” a little confusing. For example, my Brasilian students said me the at the 17th hour, they to speak “It’s seventeen hundred.” We simply say “It’s five P.M.” (5:00 P.M.).

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*** the NOT essential to know this. Yet “A.M.” means “Ante Meridiem” (Latin). And also “P.M.” represents “Post Meridiem” (also Latin).

#4. Noon. Midday. Midnight

At hour 12, us say it’s “noon”. You also sometimes hear world say “midday”. At hour 24, us say the “midnight”. “Noon” is 12:00 P.M. And “midnight” is 12:00 A.M. (The begin of a brand-new day or 24 hour cycle.)

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#5. When to use O’clock

At the beginning of every hour, we use the term “o’clock”. Because that example, “It’s one o’clock” (1:00). Or “It’s 4 o’clock” (4:00). A common mistake the I have actually noticed through English learners is that they will use the hatchet “o’clock” at the not correct time. Because that example, we execute NOT say “It’s six-thirty o’clock” (6:30). And we perform NOT say “It’s eleven-fifteen o’clock” (11:15). We only say “o’clock” at the exact hour. Because that example, “It’s four o’clock” (4:00). Or “It’s eight o’clock” (8:00).

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Last ‘Telling Time in English’ Advice indigenous Jeff

I hope this helps? Time is really important. And I hope you will be an ext confident and also comfortable to express time in English. If you have questions or comments, please let me know!