Take a look at the picture below. Every of those fancy balls is an electron. In one atom, the electron spin around the center, also called the nucleus. The electrons favor to be in different shells/orbitals. Shell number one deserve to only organize 2 electrons, covering two deserve to hold 8, and for the an initial eighteen aspects shell three have the right to hold a maximum of eight electrons. As you learn about elements with an ext than eighteen electrons you will find that shell three have the right to hold more than eight. When one shell is full, the following electron the is added has to move to the following shell.So... For the aspect of CARBON, you already know the the atomic number tells you the variety of electrons. That method there room 6 electron in a carbon atom. Looking in ~ the picture, you deserve to see there room two electrons in covering one and four electrons in shell two.

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► an ext about the background and areas to uncover carbon.► Next element of the periodic table.
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Carbon DioxideThis is a carbon dioxide molecule. When you breathe out, you typically breathe the end carbon dioxide. Through the formula CO2 that method there are two oxygen (O) atoms and one carbon (C) atom. If girlfriend look carefully at the period structure, you"ll watch that castle share four electrons each. If a bond shares 2 electrons that means it is a single bond. If a shortcut is made up of 4 electrons it is a twin bond. That means that the carbon atom has two twin bonds, one through each oxygen atom.
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Cyanogen ChlorideHere"s miscellaneous new! We have three different elements here, carbon (C), nitrogen (N), and also chlorine (Cl). That"s not special, however the means they combine is! Look in ~ the carbon and also the nitrogen, they are sharing 6 electrons!When two atoms share 2 electrons, that"s a solitary bond. If they share 4 it"s a double bond. Well these two room sharing six, that"s a triple bond. It"s extremely strong and powerful. It would certainly take a the majority of work to different the C and the N!One an ext thing! since the bond between carbon and also nitrogen is for this reason strong, scientists call them "cyanogen" rather of carbon-nitrogen. Scientists know that cyanogen is always CN.

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Beryllium CarbideTwo beryllium (Be) atoms space able come bond through one carbon (C) atom to create Be2C. The beryllium atom let the carbon usage their electrons so that the carbon is "happy". Every beryllium gives up both of its 2 extra electrons to the carbon. Take a look and also see how every one of the electrons are shared.
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