Français (passer à la variation française de cette page)English (switch to the English version of this page)
COVID-19: Last upgrade

The the the Sentence

The that the sentence room a set of terms because that describing how people construct sentences from smaller pieces. Over there is no a direct correspondence between the that the sentence and the of speech -- the subject of a sentence, for example, could be a noun, a pronoun, or even whole phrase or clause. Prefer the the speech, however, the that the sentence type part that the an easy vocabulary the grammar, and also it is crucial that friend take some time to learn and also understand them.

You are watching: The part of the sentence that tells “who” or “what” the sentence is about is the .

Written by Frances Peck

Subject and Predicate

Every complete sentence consists of two a subject and also a predicate. The topic is what (or whom) the sentence is about, if the predicate speak something around the subject. In the adhering to sentences, the predicate is fastened in braces (), while the subject is highlighted.

Judy runs.Judy and also her dog run top top the beach every morning.

To identify the topic of a sentence, an initial isolate the verb and then make a concern by place "who?" or "what?" prior to it -- the answer is the subject.

The audience littered the theatre floor v torn wrappings and also spilled popcorn.

The verb in the over sentence is "littered." that or what littered? The audience did. "The audience" is the topic of the sentence. The predicate (which constantly includes the verb) goes on come relate something about the subject: what around the audience? it "littered the theatre floor with torn wrappings and also spilled popcorn."

Unusual Sentences

Imperative sentences (sentences that offer a command or one order) different from conventional sentences in that their subject, i m sorry is always "you," is taken rather 보다 expressed.

Stand on her head. ("You" is understood before "stand.")

Be cautious with sentence that start with "there" plus a form of the verb "to be." In such sentences, "there" is no the subject; it merely signals that the true subject will quickly follow.

There were three stray kittens cowering under our porch steps this morning.

If girlfriend ask who? or what? before the verb ("were cowering"), the price is "three stray kittens," the exactly subject.

Simple subject and simple Predicate

noun or pronoun (or more) that, as soon as stripped of all the words the modify it, is known as the simple subject. Think about the following example:

A piece that pepperoni pizza would meet his hunger.

The subject is built approximately the noun "piece," through the other words that the subject -- "a" and also "of pepperoni pizza" -- modifying the noun. "Piece" is the an easy subject.

Likewise, a predicate has at its center a simple predicate, which is constantly the verb or verbs that attach up through the subject. In the instance we just considered, the simple predicate is "would satisfy" -- in various other words, the verb of the sentence.

A sentence may have a compound subject -- a an easy subject consisting of an ext than one noun or pronoun -- together in these examples:

Team pennants, absent posters and family photographs extended the boy"s bedroom walls.Her uncle and she walked slowly through the Inuit arts gallery and also admired the an effective sculptures displayed there.

The 2nd sentence above features a compound predicate, a predicate that includes much more than one verb pertaining come the same subject (in this case, "walked" and also "admired").


Written through Frances Peck


A verb may be adhered to by an object that completes the verb"s meaning. Two kinds the objects follow verbs: direct objects and indirect objects. To recognize if a verb has a direct object, isolate the verb and make it into a question by put "whom?" or "what?" after ~ it. The answer, if there is one, is the straight object:

Direct ObjectThe proclaiming executive drove a flashy red Porsche.Direct ObjectHer mystery admirer gave her a ostrich of flowers.

The second sentence above also contains an indirect object. An indirect thing (which, choose a direct object, is always a noun or pronoun) is, in a sense, the receiver of the straight object. To identify if a verb has actually an indirect object, isolation the verb and also ask to whom?, to what?, for whom?, or for what? after ~ it. The answer is the indirect object.

Not every verbs are followed by objects. Take into consideration the verbs in the adhering to sentences:

The guest speak rose from she chair to protest.After work, Randy normally jogs around the canal.Transitive and also Intransitive Verbs

Verbs the take objects are known as transitive verbs. Verb not complied with by objects are called intransitive verbs.

Some verbs have the right to be either transitive verb or intransitive verbs, depending upon the context:

Direct ObjectI hope the Senators success the next game.No direct ObjectDid we win?Subject Complements

In addition to the transitive verb and also the intransitive verb, over there is a 3rd kind of verb referred to as a linking verb. Words (or phrase) which follows a linking verb is dubbed not one object, however a subject complement.

The most common linking verb is "be." other linking verbs are "become," "seem," "appear," "feel," "grow," "look," "smell," "taste," and "sound," amongst others. Note that few of these are occasionally linking verbs, sometimes transitive verbs, or periodically intransitive verbs, depending upon how you use them:

Linking verb with topic complementHe was a radiologist prior to he became a permanent yoga instructor.Linking verb with topic complementYour homemade chili smells delicious.Transitive verb with straight objectI can"t smell anything with this disastrous cold.Intransitive verb with no objectThe internal of the beautiful new Buick smells strongly of fish.

Note the a subject match can be one of two people a noun ("radiologist", "instructor") or an adjective ("delicious").

Object Complements

(by David Megginson)

An object complement is comparable to a topic complement, except that (obviously) that modifies things rather 보다 a subject. Take into consideration this example of a subject complement:

The driver appears tired.

In this case, as described above, the adjective "tired" modifies the noun "driver," which is the topic of the sentence.

Sometimes, however, the noun will certainly be the object, as in the following example:

I take into consideration the driver tired.

In this case, the noun "driver" is the straight object the the verb "consider," however the adjective "tired" is tho acting as its complement.

See more: Which Gum Lasts The Longest Science Fair Project, Science Fair Project Idea

In general, verbs which have to do v perceiving, judging, or an altering something can cause their straight objects to take an item complement:

Paint it black.The judge ruled she out of order.I experienced the prime Minister sleeping.

In every case, you can reconstruct the last component of the sentence right into a sentence of its very own using a topic complement: "it is black," "she is the end of order," "the prime Minister is sleeping."