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Harmandir Sahib, Harmandir additionally spelled Harimandir, additionally called Darbar Sahib (Punjabi: “Sacred Audience”) or Golden Temple, the chief gurdwara, or home of worship, that Sikhism and also the Sikhs’ most essential pilgrimage site. The is located in the city the Amritsar, Punjab state, northwestern India.
The first Harmandir Sahib was constructed in 1604 by Arjan, the 5th Sikh Guru, who symbolically had actually it put on a reduced level so that also the humblest had to step down to get in it. He additionally included gateways on all 4 sides, signifying that it was open up to worshippers of every castes and creeds. The structure stone was laid through Mian Mīr, a Muslim divine of Lahore (now in Pakistan). The temple was ruined several time by Afghan invaders and was lastly rebuilt in marble and copper overlaid with gold foil during the power (1801–39) that Maharaja Ranjit Singh. The framework thus ended up being known together the gold Temple.
The Harmandir Sahib is the focus of a complex of buildings that kind the love of Sikhism. The holy place itself rectal a tiny island in the center of the tank, or pool, referred to as the Amrita Saras (“Pool of Nectar”)—the source of the city’s name—and is linked to soil on the west next by a marble causeway running across the water the the pool. Situated facing the entrance to the causeway is the Akal Takht, the chief center of authority of Sikhism and the headquarters that the Shiromani Akali Dal (Supreme Akali Party), the main political party that the Sikhs in Punjab. Top top the north side of the tank is the main entrance come the facility and the Teja singh Samudri room (Clock Tower), which dwellings the key offices that the Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee (Supreme Committee of holy place Management), which oversees the main Sikh gurdwaras. Amongst several buildings on the east side that the tank are the Assembly Hall and also the Guru ram Das Langur, the last a huge dining hall that serves meals to thousands of pilgrims and also other tourists each day.
Harmandir Sahib (Golden Temple)
The Harmandir Sahib, or gold Temple (right), in Amritsar, Punjab state, northwestern India.
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The Harmandir Sahib itself sustained some minor damage on June 6, 1984, when Indian troops fought their way into the temple facility to dislodge Sikh extremists who had been utilizing it as a fortress and refuge. The Akal Takht, however, was heavily damaged in the attack. Both buildings subsequently were repaired.