You are watching: Similes in a raisin in the sun
Hansberry"s "furniture-dark" apartment reminds united state of Plato"s cave; the missing sun symbolizes life, breakthrough and self-knowledge, all of which the Younger family lacks. Lock share not just cramped quarters but also scant self-awareness. For instance, Mama, the protagonist, must decide to usage her husband"s life insurance policy to to buy a house in one all-white ar or let she son, Walter, invest in a "godless" liquor store; she naively permits Walter access to the money, courting disaster. Early on in the play, Mama beginning tending a dying plant the "ain"t never ever gonna view spring again," a symbol because that the family"s fading chances.
Allusion runs rampant in "Raisin." In plot One, Beneatha, Walter"s sister, mentions "salt shedding its savor," a recommendation to Jesus" warning around rebellious natures; Hansberry foreshadows Walter"s stealing Mama"s money because that a devastating investment. In plot Two, Walter cries, "The lion is waking," calling not only for independence for Africa however for financial flexibility for the Youngers. George, Beneatha"s boyfriend, calls Walter "Prometheus," one ironic reference due to the fact that he bring darkness fairly than light. Finally, the play"s location alludes to Langston Hughes" poem "Harlem," whose final line depicts a deferred dream as a raisin in the sun, shriveling prefer the family"s future.
Metaphors pepper the text. George tells Beneatha, that is placing on movie-star affectations imagining her future, to "drop the Garbo routine." once Mr. Lindner uses to buy Mama"s house, Beneatha requirements "30 pieces, not a coin less," the cost of both a Mosaic slave and of Judas" betrayal of Jesus; the price i do not care both a biblical allusion and also a metaphor for the family"s betrayal. Mama gets named for social icons: She is selfless "Mrs. Miniver" or woebegone "Scarlett O"Hara." Irony underlines all: Mama"s household will shed their money, regardless of her selflessness, just as Garbo and Scarlett likewise went broke.
Finally, Hansberry join Lewis Carroll in the creation of portmanteau words, words whose two interpretations are fused along with their letters, together in "slithy" indigenous "Jabberwocky," a combination of "slimy" and also "slithery." Ruth refers to the "slubborn" habits that Travis displays, combining "stubborn" and "sloppy." "Slubborn" additionally personifies Travis" thoughts, ideas and also general outlook. Not poor for a single word; Hansberry put a totality character right into it.
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Michael Stratford is a nationwide Board-certified and single Subject Credentialed teacher through a master of science in education rehabilitation (University the Montana, 1995). He has actually taught English at the 6-12 level for much more than 20 years. He has actually written extensively in literary criticism, student writing syllabi and also numerous mmsanotherstage2019.com educational paradigms.