What is Iron(III) oxide?

Fe2O3 is an not natural compound through a chemical name Iron(III) oxide. The is likewise known as Hematite or Red stole oxide. This compound occurs naturally in rocks of every ages. It shows up as a Red-brown solid. The is odorless. It has actually a pH worth of 7.

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Production that Iron(III) oxide:

Iron(III) oxide is a product derived from the oxidation the iron. In laboratories, the is all set by electrolyzing sodium bicarbonate solution, an inert electrolyte, together with an steel anode.

\(4Fe+3O_2+2H_2O\)→\( 4FeO ( O H)\)

The deriving sign language iron(III) oxide, i m sorry is written right here as Fe(O)OH, dehydrates at approximately 200 °C. The reaction is as follows:

\(2FeO ( O H)\)→\( Fe_2O_3+H_2O\)

Properties that Iron(III) oxide – Fe2O3

Fe2O3Iron(III) oxide
Molecular Weight/ Molar Mass159.69 g/mol
Density5.242 g/cm³
Boiling PointDecomposes
Melting Point1475°C – 1565°C

Iron(III) oxide framework – Fe2O3


The over image describes the structure of the Iron(III) oxide. Fe2O3 is the chemical formula that Iron(III) oxide which has three oxygen atoms, 2 iron atoms. The oxidation state that Fe2O3 is +3. The shortcut formation in between oxygen and iron relies on the distinction in electronegativity between these two atoms. Iron(Fe) is steel whereas oxygen(O2) is non-metal. Therefore, such bonds are called an Ionic bond.


2 stole atoms3 oxygen atoms

Chemical reaction:

Carbothermal reduction – palliation of steel oxides with a reducing agent such as carbon at a temperature variety of several hundred degrees Celsius. The reaction is together follows:\(Fe_2O_3+3CO\rightarrow 2Fe+3CO_2\)Exothermic thermite reaction v aluminum –

The reaction is as follows:

\(2Al+Fe_2O_3\rightarrow 2Fe+Al_2O_3\)

Uses the Iron(III) oxide (Fe2O3)

Iron(III) oxide is offered as a feedstock in the manufacturing of iron.It is provided as a pigment. Example: colours Brown 6 and also Pigment Red 101It is used in cosmetics.It is provided in dentist composites.It is vital ingredient in calamine lotion.It is supplied to apply the last polish on metallic jewelry.It is supplied in the magnetic disk and magnetic tapes.

Iron(III) oxide health and wellness hazards – If inhaled, iron reasons irritation in the cradle tract and lungs.

Frequently asked Questions

What room the uses of ferric oxide?

Ferric oxide (Fe2O3) is used in paints and also coatings, inks, plastics, rubber products and also glass as a pigment and/or UV impede agent. It is also used together a polishing agent for glass, diamonds and precious metals. This compound additionally finds usage as a ingredient in magnets, together a dental abrasive, and also as a procedure regulator or catalyst in the manufacture of various other products.

How is Fe2O3 formed?

Iron (III) oxide, or ferric oxide, is the product that is formed when iron experience oxidation. This can be ready in the activities by electrolyzing a salt bicarbonate solution, one inert electrolyte, through an iron anode. The result hydrated iron(III) oxide, is dehydrated at roughly 200 °C.

Is ferric oxide acidic or basic?

Ferric oxide, also known as iron(III) oxide, is an amphoteric oxide of iron through the chemical formula Fe2O3. It have the right to be noted that oxides that iron, aluminium, and tin, space all amphoteric chemical varieties – they exhibition both acidic and an easy qualities.

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Learn much more about the chemical properties and importance that Fe2O3 indigenous the skilled faculties in ~ BYJU’S.