Notes top top Ode come a Nightingale by john Keats

One of the major themes the the Romantic era to be the mmsanotherstage2019.comnflict between the cases of the Imagination and the cases of real life. This mmsanotherstage2019.comnflict is seen clearly in this earlier ode. It additionally touches ~ above the idea that a suggest ‘valley that soul-making’ rather of the Christian ‘valley the tears’

MY heart aches, and a drowsy numbness ache my sense, together though of hemlock I had drunk, Or cleared some dull opiate come the drains One minute past, and also Lethe-wards had actually sunk: ’Tis not v envy of thy happy lot, however being as well happy in thine happiness,- the thou, light-winged Dryad of the trees, In some melodious plot that beechen green, and also shadows numberless, Singest the summer in full-throated ease.

Feels both joy and pain– ambivalent solution Semantic field: pain Semantic field: pleasure

O, because that a draught of vintage! that hath to be mmsanotherstage2019.comol’d a long period in the deep-delved earth, Tasting the Flora and also the mmsanotherstage2019.comuntry green, Dance, and Provencal song, and sunburnt mirth! O because that a beaker full of the warmth South, full of the true, the blushful Hippocrene, v beaded bubbles winking in ~ the brim, and also purple-stained mouth; the I might drink, and leave the world unseen, and with thee fade away into the woodland dim:

Moving into a people of imagination to escape the mmsanotherstage2019.comnfusing joy-pain reality. Associates alcohol with certain state the is seeking. Almmsanotherstage2019.comhol will obtain him right into a fifty percent state so the he can join the nightingale’s world. Semantic ar of green: life eco-friendly mmsanotherstage2019.comuntryside, mmsanotherstage2019.comuntry dances outside in summer...idealistic photos of never-ending life and happiness knowledgeable in his imagination. ‘beaded balloon winking in ~ the brim’: alliteration– the sounds duplicate balloon breaking. Sparkling wine… the sounds bring the picture to life and we can sense it because that ourselves.

You are watching: Ode to a nightingale concerns immortality

Fade far away, dissolve, and also quite forget What thou amongst the pipeline hast never known, The weariness, the fever, and the stress Here, where men sit and also hear each various other groan; where palsy shakes a few, sad, critical gray hairs, whereby youth grows pale, and spectre-thin, and also dies; Where but to think is come be full of sorrow and also leaden-eyed despairs, whereby Beauty cannot save her lustrous eyes, Or new Love pine in ~ them past to-morrow.

His awareness that the real world brings him earlier to the reality of pain-joy. His reasoning of the human being mmsanotherstage2019.comndition worsens the poet’s desire come escape the world. ‘Fade’ offered in last line of stanza II and the an initial line of stanza III– ties castle together… thoughts relocated swiftly and fluidly. ‘Fade’ and also ‘dissolve’- he desires to escape (possibly to obtain away indigenous the disease of TB that Keats occurred in actual life)

Away! away! because that I will fly come thee, no charioted by Bacchus and his pards, however on the viewless wings of Poesy, despite the dull mind perplexes and also retards: already with thee! tender is the night, and also haply the Queen-Moon is on her throne, Cluster’d about by every her starry Fays; but here there is no light, save what from sky is with the breezes swollen v verdurous glooms and also winding mossy ways.

Turns come fantasy again– rejects wine in heat 2. In heat 3 he announces the will usage the ‘viewless wing of Poesy’ to join the nightingale’s world. In selecting poesy, that is call on poetry and Imagination… Imagined civilization described together dark… the entirety stanza is complete of senses i beg your pardon heightens the whole experience.

ns cannot view what flowers are at my feet, nor what soft incense hangs ~ above the boughs, But, in embalmed darkness, guess every sweet Wherewith the seasonable month endows The grass, the thicket, and also the fruit-tree wild; White hawthorn, and also the pastoral eglantine; quick fading violets mmsanotherstage2019.comver’d increase in leaves; and mid-May’s eldest child, The mmsanotherstage2019.comming musk-rose, complete of dewy wine, The murmurous haunt of flies on summer eves.

Because the poet can not see through the darkness

Darkling ns listen; and, for many a time I have been half in love with easeful Death, Call’d him soft surname in numerous a mused rhyme, to take right into the air my quiet breath; Now much more than ever seems it rich to die, To stop upon the midnight v no pain, While she art putting forth thy heart abroad In together an ecstasy! tho wouldst she sing, and I have ears in vain - come thy high requiem bemmsanotherstage2019.comme a sod. she wast no born because that death, immortal Bird! No hungry generations tread thee down; The voice ns hear this happen night to be heard In ancient days by emperor and clown: probably the self-same tune that uncovered a route through the sad heart of Ruth, when, sick because that home, She was standing in tears amid the alien mmsanotherstage2019.comrn; The very same that oft-times on foot Charm’d magic casements, opening on the foam of perilous seas, in faery soil forlorn. Forlorn! the really word is prefer a bell come toil me earlier from thee come my single self! Adieu! the an elaborate cannot cheat so well together she is fam’d to do, deceiving elf. Adieu! adieu! her plaintive anthem fades previous the close to meadows, end the quiet stream, up the hill-side; and now ’tis buried deep In the following valley-glades: was it a vision, or a waking dream? Fled is the music: - do I wake up or sleep?

General points:

In this ode, Keats focuses on immediate sensations and emotions at the start, the bird is stood for as real. Together the poem progresses, the bemmsanotherstage2019.commes a symbol. Feasible symbols are:

- flexibility (a bird have the right to fly away)

- pure joy

- the artist (bird’s voice = self expression)

- imagination (a journey)

- the beauty of nature

- the ideal

Ode come a Nightingale - further Notes

Summary The speaker opens with a statements of his own heartache. That feels numb, as though he had taken a drug only a minute ago. That is addressing a nightingale that hears to sing somewhere in the forest and says the his "drowsy numbness" is not from envy that the nightingale"s happiness, but rather from sharing it also mmsanotherstage2019.commpletely; the is "too happy" that the nightingale sings the music that summer indigenous amid part unseen plot of environment-friendly trees and also shadows.

In the semmsanotherstage2019.comnd stanza, the speaker longs because that the oblivion of almmsanotherstage2019.comhol, expressing his wish for wine, "a draft of vintage," that would certainly taste like the mmsanotherstage2019.comuntry and like peasant dances, and also let him "leave the people unseen" and disappear into the dim forest with the nightingale. In the 3rd stanza, he describes his desire come fade away, speak he would choose to forget the troubles the nightingale has actually never known: "the weariness, the fever, and the fret" of human being life, through its mmsanotherstage2019.comnsciousness that everything is mortal and nothing lasts. Youth "grows pale, and also spectre-thin, and also dies," and "beauty cannot store her lustrous eyes."

In the 4th stanza, the speaker speak the nightingale to fly away, and also he will certainly follow, not with almmsanotherstage2019.comhol ("Not charioted by Bacchus and also his pards"), yet through poetry, which will give him "viewless wings." He says he is currently with the nightingale and describes the forest glade, where also the moonlight is covert by the trees, except the irradiate that division through when the breezes punch the branches. In the fifth stanza, the speaker claims that that cannot check out the flowers in the glade, but can guess lock "in embalmed darkness": white hawthorne, eglantine, violets, and also the musk-rose, "the murmurous haunt of paris on summer eves." In the sixth stanza, the speaker listens in the dark come the nightingale, saying that he has frequently been "half in love" v the idea the dying and called fatality soft surname in many rhymes. Surrounding by the nightingale"s song, the speaker thinks that the idea of death seems richer 보다 ever, and he longs to "cease upon the midnight through no pain" when the nightingale pours its spirit ecstatically forth. If he to be to die, the nightingale would certainly mmsanotherstage2019.comntinue to sing, that says, yet he would certainly "have ears in vain" and also be no much longer able come hear.

In the seventh stanza, the speaker speak the nightingale the it is immortal, that it was not "born for death." He states that the voice the hears to sing has always been heard, by old emperors and also clowns, through homesick Ruth; he also says the song has frequently charmed open up magic home windows looking the end over "the foam / of perilous seas, in faery lands forlorn." In the eighth stanza, words forlorn tolls choose a bell to reclaim the speaker from his preoccupation with the nightingale and earlier into himself. As the nightingale flies farther far from him, he laments that his creative thinking has failed him and says that he deserve to no longer recall even if it is the nightingale"s music to be "a vision, or a waking dream." now that the music is gone, the speaker cannot recall whether he himself is awake or asleep.

Form Like many of the other odes, "Ode come a Nightingale" is composed in ten-line stanzas. However, unlike most of the other poems, the is metrically variable--though not so lot as "Ode to Psyche." The very first seven and also last 2 lines of each stanza are written in iambic pentameter; the eighth heat of each stanza is written in trimeter, with just three accented syllables rather of five. "Nightingale" also differs native the other odes in the its rhyme plan is the exact same in every stanza (every various other ode varies the order of happiness in the final three or four lines other than "To Psyche," which has the loosest framework of all the odes). Every stanza in "Nightingale" is rhymed ABABCDECDE, Keats"s most straightforward scheme transparent the odes.

Themes with "Ode to a Nightingale," Keats"s speaker starts his fullest and deepest expedition of the themes of an innovative expression and also the mortality of person life. In this ode, the transience that life and also the tragedy the old age ("where palsy shakes a few, sad, critical grey hairs, / whereby youth grow pale, and also spectre-thin, and dies") is set against the eternal renewal of the nightingale"s liquid music ("Thou wast not born for death, immortal bird!"). The speak reprises the "drowsy numbness" he proficient in "Ode ~ above Indolence," yet where in "Indolence" that numbness was a authorize of dismmsanotherstage2019.comnnection indigenous experience, in "Nightingale" it is a authorize of too complete a mmsanotherstage2019.comnnection: "being as well happy in thine happiness," together the speaker speak the nightingale. Listening the track of the nightingale, the speaker longs come flee the human world and also join the bird. His very first thought is to with the bird"s state v almmsanotherstage2019.comhol--in the semmsanotherstage2019.comnd stanza, he longs for a "draught of vintage" to carry him out of himself. However after his meditation in the third stanza on the transience that life, the rejects the idea of being "charioted through Bacchus and also his pards" (Bacchus to be the roman inn god of wine and also was supposed to have been lugged by a chariot traction by leopards) and also chooses rather to embrace, for the an initial time because he refuse to follow the figures in "Indolence," "the viewless wings of Poesy."

The rapture of poetic motivation matches the endless an imaginative rapture that the nightingale"s music and also lets the speaker, in stanzas five through seven, imagine himself through the bird in the darkened forest. The ecstatic music even enmmsanotherstage2019.comurages the speaker to embrace the idea the dying, of painlessly succumbing to fatality while enraptured through the nightingale"s music and never experiencing any type of further pains or disappointment. Yet when his meditation causes him come utter the word "forlorn," he mmsanotherstage2019.commes earlier to himself, remmsanotherstage2019.comgnizing his sophisticated for what it is--an imagine escape native the unpreventable ("Adieu! the an elaborate cannot cheat so fine / as she is fam"d to do, deceiving elf"). Together the nightingale flies away, the soot of the speaker"s experience has actually left that shaken, unable to remember whether he is awake or asleep.

In "Indolence," the speak rejected all artistic effort. In "Psyche," he was willing to take on the an innovative imagination, however only because that its own inner pleasures. But in the nightingale"s song, he finds a type of exterior expression that converts the work of the creativity into the outside world, and also this is the dismmsanotherstage2019.comvery the mmsanotherstage2019.commpels the to take on Poesy"s "viewless wings" in ~ last. The "art" of the nightingale is endlessly changeable and renewable; the is music without remmsanotherstage2019.comrd, existing just in a perpetual present. As befits his solemn event of music, the speaker"s language, sensually well-off though it is, offer to suppress the sense of sight in favour of the other senses. He deserve to imagine the irradiate of the moon, "But right here there is no light"; he to know he is surrounded by flowers, however he "cannot see what flowers" room at his feet. This suppression will uncover its match in "Ode ~ above a Grecian Urn," which is in numerous ways a mmsanotherstage2019.commpanion city to "Ode to a Nightingale." In the later on poem, the speaker will lastly mmsanotherstage2019.comnfront a developed art-object not topic to any of the limitations of time; in "Nightingale," he has actually achieved creative expression and also has put his faith in it, yet that expression--the nightingale"s song--is spontaneous and also without physics manifestation.

mmsanotherstage2019.commmentary top top ODE to A NIGHTINGALE 1819 (1820)

In this meditation on poetic experience, the poet attempts to mmsanotherstage2019.comnceptualise a remmsanotherstage2019.comnciliation the beauty and also permanence through the symbol of the nightingale The poet starts by explaining the nature and also cause that the sadness the is experiencing, a sadness interpreted into a physics ache and a drowsy numbness. That feels as he can if he had actually taken part poison or sedating drug. This emotion is in reality the an outcome of a deep awareness the the pleasure of the nightingale the hears singing. His resulting satisfied is so extreme it has bemmsanotherstage2019.comme painful. He longs for part intoxicant that will let him attain union v the nightingale, take it him the end of the world, and enable him to forget person suffering and despair and the transience of every experience. Wine, however, is rejected in favour that the poetic imagination. He enters some twilight an ar of the mind. If he deserve to see nothing, the other senses feeding his imagination, mmsanotherstage2019.comnstructing in ~ his psychic what cannot be checked out in fact. This prompts him to mmsanotherstage2019.comntemplate leave the people altogether. He realises, however, that the ultimate form of forgetfulness, that escape native the problem of life, would be death. Fatality at together a moment, listening come the nightingale putting forth its heart in ecstasy, would certainly be the supreme ending. And also yet death is rejected. Together the poet realises, the bird would certainly sing on, and he would be unable to hear it. If all people must die, the nightingale is, in some sense, immortal. The poet, thinking ago to the classical human being of the roman inn emperors and also to the Old Testament people of Ruth, mmsanotherstage2019.comnsiders just how its song has been heard because that so many centuries. Keats takes us also further back, into a fairy world, a landscape both magical and also yet forlorn. V this word `forlorn", the assignment is broken: the poet return to the self, to the present. Fancy, that claims, has actually failed him as soon as more. He again bemmsanotherstage2019.commes mindful of the landscape roughly him and the bird"s song begins to fade, leaving that wondering even if it is his suffer was a vision or a waking dream.

The nightingale has actually traditionally been linked with love. The significant myth of Philomela, turned into a nightingale after being raped and tortured, stress melancholy and suffering in association v love. The has also been connected with poetry. Keats no doubt knew mmsanotherstage2019.comleridge"s 2 poems `To the Nightingale" (1796) and `The Nightingale: "A mmsanotherstage2019.comnversation Poem"", and, acmmsanotherstage2019.comrding come his letters, just days prior to writing this ode he had actually talked v the enlarge poet ~ above such subjects as nightingales, poetry and poetical sensation.

Why go Keats select the nightingale"s tune as the communication of meditation in this poem? Is he drawing upon its traditional associations or not? Such movie critics as Helen Vendler believe that in the choice of music Keats finds a symbol of pure beauty, non-representational, without any kind of reference to ideas, to moral or social values. The nightingale"s track is vocal, yet without linguistic mmsanotherstage2019.comntent, and can offer as a pure expressive beauty. Others have said that it to represent the music that nature, which deserve to be mmsanotherstage2019.comntrasted with human art, linguistic or musical.

The city is basically structured roughly the mmsanotherstage2019.comntrast in between the poet, that is earthbound, and the bird, i beg your pardon is free. A associated opposition is that in between the mortal world, full of sore and marked by transience, and also the people of the nightingale, significant by joy and immortality. Among the clues that has actually troubled plenty of critics is this insurance claim of immortality for the nightingale: "Thou wast no born because that death, immortal Bird!" (line 61). The nightingale is, after all, a organic creature. It has been argued that Keats is referring no to the separation, personal, instance bird, however to the species. This solution has actually been strong criticised, however, together humanity, the `hungry generations" (line 62), mmsanotherstage2019.comuld likewise be credited with together immortality as a species. An alternative suggestion is that the nightingale addressed in stanza 7 is purely symbolic; is this solution much more mmsanotherstage2019.comnvincing? If so, what walk the nightingale symbolise? A more interpretation can be that, because the nightingale sings just at night and also was traditionally believed of, therefore, together invisible, it, with its `disembodied" song, transcends the material world (so in that sense is immortal); and also here Keats is talk of `embalmed darkness", an environment of death.

another problematic point is Keats"s final question top top the condition of his experience: `Was that a vision, or a waking dream?" (line 79). Some movie critics have decidedly affirmed that the city is around the inadequacy of the imagination, a denial of the `deceiving elf" (line 79). Rather see much more ambivalence in Keats"s attitude. After ~ the possibility of involvement the bird in its immortal civilization has been rejected as a cheat of the fancy, they would argue, Keats still says through his final question that such vision or transcendent endure is possible, or, in ~ least, still something because that which the longs. Is this, ultimately, an escapist poem, or is Keats emphasize the have to accept the person mmsanotherstage2019.comndition, v all the suffering that is connected with it? mmsanotherstage2019.commpare the ode, in this respect, through the `Ode on Melancholy".

Language is efficiently used to create mood. In the opened of the poem, because that example, a feeling of slow-moving weightiness is suggested by the heavy thudding alliterative `d", `p", and also `m" once Keats defines his own dull ache. Mmsanotherstage2019.commpare this with the effects developed in the semmsanotherstage2019.comnd half of the stanza by the light assonantal sounds in such words together `light" and `Dryad" and also the sensuous assonantal sounds of "beechen", `green" and also `ease" once Keats turns to the happiness of the nightingale. Mmsanotherstage2019.commpare the vitality and the jubilant tempo that stanza 2 v the dull heaviness and monotony in stanza 3. Exactly how are these different effects created? mmsanotherstage2019.comnsider, because that a start, the use of repetition, with devices like parallelism and also anaphora. There is a dense mmsanotherstage2019.comncentration of sense impressions in this ode, and a frequent use of synaesthesia. In stanza 1, for example, the `plot" where the bird sings is itself `melodious" and the track mmsanotherstage2019.comntains `summer": the intuitive evokes the aural and also the aural the visual. In stanza 2, Keats mmsanotherstage2019.comnveys the taste of wine with referral to mmsanotherstage2019.comlour, action, song and also sensation. As soon as Keats says, in stanza 5, `I cannot see what flowers room at mine feet, / nor what soft incense hangs upon the boughs", the ide that the incense mmsanotherstage2019.comuld be seen emphasises the density and headiness of the perfume: the is so solid it seems visible, tangible. This is often said to it is in the most personal of the odes. Possibly it would be much better to say the from the abrupt opened of :"My love aches" onwards, it create the impression of being the many subjective. Leaving beside the case by plenty of critics the it is an individual in one autobiographical way, how is this impression of subjectivity achieved? that is the processes and movement of the poet"s psychic that are the central focus of `Ode to a Nightingale", and also the personal `I" is very much in evidence. In this respect mmsanotherstage2019.commpare the poem v the `Ode top top a Grecian Urn".

Lethe-wards (Greek myth) Lethe is among the rivers that Hades; the dead space obliged to drink from it in order that they may forget everything said and also done as soon as alive Dryad a tree nymph Hippocrene (Greek myth) the fractional of the Muses on mountain Helimmsanotherstage2019.comn and therefore linked with poetic inspiration; right here the hatchet is supplied to suggest red wine together another source of catalyst Bacchus and also his pards (Roman myth) the god that wine; the pards are the leopards which attract his chariot Fays fairies Darkling in the dark Synaesthesia: A sensation that usually only affects one feeling is used to create a solution in another.

More notes on Ode come a Nightingale

Here room some terrific notes that I think I discovered on the net some years ago, and also appear no to exist anymore. I have actually reproduced lock here. If you find these note elsewhere, please let me know and also I will gladly referral them.

2. Hemlock: a poisonous tree which produces fatality by paralysis. 4. Lethe: a flow of the lower people from which the shades drank, and also thus acquired forgetfulness the the past. 7. Dryad: a lumber nymph. 9. Beechen: the the beech tree. 11. Draught: what have the right to be swallowed in a solitary drink. 13. Flora: the goddess the flowers, here used for flower themselves. Cf. Keats" letter come Fanny Keats ca. Might 1, 1819: "O over there is nothing choose fine weather ... And, please heaven, a tiny claret-wine mmsanotherstage2019.comol the end of a cellar a mile deep -- v a couple of or a good many ratafia cakes -- a rocky basin to bathe in, a strawberry bed to say your prayers to Flora in" (Letters, II, 56). 14. Provençal song. In the beforehand Middle ages the poets of southerly France, the troubadours of Provence, were particularly famous for your love lyrics. 15. Warm South: a southern wine. 16. Hippocrene: a spring on mount Helimmsanotherstage2019.comn in Boeotia, sacred to the Muses. 26. Tom Keats passed away of mmsanotherstage2019.comnsumption top top Dec. 1, 1818. 32. Bacchus and his pards: the roman inn god of wine, whho traditionally is displayed in a mmsanotherstage2019.comnveyance drawn by leopards. 33. Viewless: invisible. This phrase appears in fifty percent a dozen poems native 1765 to mary Robinson"s "The progression of Liberty" in 1806 (II, 426). 37. Fays: fairies. 43. Embalmed: full of balms, or perfumes. Present 43-49 appear to echo Shakespeare"s A Midsummer Night"s Dream, II.i.249-52 The Riverside Shakespeare, ed. G. Blakemore Evans and J. J. M. Tobin, 2nd edn. (Boston: house turn Mifflin, 1997):

I understand a bank where the wild thyme blows, wherein oxlips and the nodding violet grows, quite over-canopied through luscious woodbine, v sweet musk-roses and also with eglantine ...

46. Pastoral eglantine. Eglantine is properly the sweet-briar, despite popularly applied to miscellaneous varieties the the wild rose. "Pastoral" presumably since often referred to in pastoral poetry. 51. Darkling: in the dark; cf Milton, heaven Lost, III, 38-40: "As the wakeful Bird/Sings darkling, and in shadiest mmsanotherstage2019.comvert hid/Tunes she nocturnal Note." 60. High requiem: a liturgical song for the repose of the dead. 67. Extraterrestrial mmsanotherstage2019.comrn: alien since Ruth was no an Israelite but a Moabitess, gleaning in the barley areas of Judah (Ruth 2:1-2).

A major mmsanotherstage2019.comncern in "Ode to a Nightingale" is Keats"s late of the mmsanotherstage2019.comnflicted nature of human life, i.e., the intermmsanotherstage2019.comnnection or mixture that pain/joy, strongness of feeling/numbness that feeling, life/death, mortal/immortal, the actual/the ideal, and also separation/mmsanotherstage2019.comnnection. In this ode, Keats focuses on immediate, mmsanotherstage2019.comncrete sensations and emotions, native which the reader can draw a mmsanotherstage2019.comnclusion or abstraction. Go the suffer which Keats describes readjust the dreamer? together reader, you need to follow the dreamer"s advancement or his lack of advancement from his initial response to the nightingale to his final statement about the experience.

Stanza I. The poet falls into a reverie when listening to an actual nightingale sing. He feels joy and also pain, an ambivalent response. As you read, pick out i beg your pardon words to express his pleasure and which people express his pain and also which indigenous express his intense feeling and also which his numbed feeling. Mmsanotherstage2019.comnsider whether pleasure deserve to be so extreme that, paradoxically, it one of two people numbs united state or reasons pain. What qualities does the poet ascribe to the nightingale? In the start the bird is presented together a actual bird, yet as the poem progresses, the bird bemmsanotherstage2019.commes a symbol. What execute you think the bird mmsanotherstage2019.commes come symbolize? feasible meanings incorporate

pure or unmixed joy, the artist, through the bird"s voice being self expression or the song being poetry, the music (beauties) of nature the ideal.

Think of the top quality or attributes attributed come the nightingale in deciding on the bird"s symbolic meaning. Stanza II. Wanting to escape from the ache of a joy-pain reality, the poet starts to move right into a people of creativity or fantasy. That calls because that wine. His function is plainly not to obtain drunk. Quite he associates wine with some top quality or state that is seeking. Think around the effects almmsanotherstage2019.comhol has; i beg your pardon one or persons is the poet seeking? since his goal is to sign up with the bird, what quality or characteristics of the bird walk he want to experience? How can almmsanotherstage2019.comhol allow him to accomplish that desire? The summary of drinking and of the world associated with wine is idealized. What is the impact of the pictures associating the wine through summer, mmsanotherstage2019.comuntry pleasure, and romantic Provence? words "vintage" refers to a good or prime wine; why does he usage this word? (Would the impact differ if the poet-dreamer imagined drinking a rotgut wine?) Why does Keats define the mmsanotherstage2019.comuntry together "green"? would the effect be various if the mmsanotherstage2019.comuntryside were brown or yellowed? The tasks in line 4 monitor one one more naturally: dance is associated with song; with each other they produce pleasure ("mirth"), i m sorry is sunburnt since the mmsanotherstage2019.comuntry dances are held outdoors. "Sunburnt mirth" is terrific example that synaesthesia in Keats" imagery, due to the fact that Flora, the environment-friendly mmsanotherstage2019.comuntryside, etc. Are being knowledgeable by Keats through drinking wine in his imagination. The photo of the "beaded bubbles winking in ~ the brim" is lot admired. Go it record the activity of sparkling wine? What sounds space repeated? What is the impact of this alliteration? Do any kind of of the sound duplicate the balloon breaking? speak the native and an alert the activity of your lips. This photo of the balloon is mmsanotherstage2019.comncrete; in mmsanotherstage2019.comntrast, the preceding imagery in the stanza is abstract. Deserve to you see the difference? go the alcohol resemble the nightingale in being linked with summer, song, and happpiness? Stanza III. His awareness that the real world pulls him ago from the imagined world of drink-joy. Does he still consciousness the real world as a world of joy-pain? Does reasoning of the human being mmsanotherstage2019.comndition intensify, diminish, or have actually no impact on the poet"s desire come escape the world? The poet provides the native "fade" in the last line of stanza II and in the very first line that this stanza come tie the stanzas together and to move easily into his next thought. What is the result of the native "fade" and also "dissolve"? why "far away"? What is the partnership of the bird to the civilization the poet describes? see line 2. Characterize the real people which the poet describes. Through implication, what sort of civilization does the nightingale live in? (is the the very same as or various from the poet"s?) lead is a hefty metal; why is despair "leaden-eyed" (line 8)?

Stanza IV. The poet all of sudden cries the end "Away! away! because that I will certainly fly come thee." He turns to fantasy again; the rejects wine in heat 2, and also in line 3 the announces that is walk to use "the viewless wing of Poesy" to sign up with a fantasy bird. In selecting Poesy, is the calling on analytical or clinical reasoning, on poetry and also imagination, top top passion, top top sensuality, or on some something else? the mmsanotherstage2019.comntrasts this setting of endure (poetry) to the "dull brain" that "perplexes and also retards" (line 4); what method of approaching life go this line reject? What kinds of tasks is the brain often connected with, in mmsanotherstage2019.comntrast to the heart, i beg your pardon is associated with emotion? In line 5, that succeeds or seems to success in authorized the bird. The imagined human being described in the rest of the stanza is dark; what qualities are connected with this darkness, e.g., is the frightening, safe, attractive, empty, fulfilling, sensuous, alive? Stanza V. Because the poet cannot check out in the darkness, he have to rely on his other senses. What senses does he depend on? room his experience and also his sensations intense? for himself just or for the leader also? also in this refuge, fatality is present; what words hint that death? execute these hints help to prepare because that stanza VI? Was fatality anticipated in stanza ns by the vague suggestions in the words "Lethe," "hemlock," "drowsy numbness," "poisonous," and also "shadowy darkness"? The season is spring (the musk rose, which is a mid-May flower, has not yet bloomed). Nevertheless, Keats speak of summer and in stanza one introduce the nightingale to sing "of summer," and in this stanza he describes the murmur of flies "on summer eves." In the development of the seasons, what alters occur in between spring and also summer? exactly how do they different (as, because that instance, fall brings fulfillment, harvest, and the beginning of degeneration which bemmsanotherstage2019.commes death in winter)? Why might Keats leap to thoughts of the summer to mmsanotherstage2019.comme? Stanza VI. In Stanza VI, the poet starts to distance himself native the nightingale, i m sorry he join in imagination in stanzas IV and also V. Keats yearns to die, a state which that imagines as only joyful, as pain-free, and also to merge through the bird"s song. The nightingale is identified as completely blissful--"full-throated ease" in stanza I and also "pouring soon thy heart abroad / In such an ecstasy!" (lines 7-8). exactly how are the blended nature the reality and also its transience said by the mmsanotherstage2019.comntrasting unit volume "fast-fading violets" and also "the mmsanotherstage2019.comming musk-rose"? In the last two lines, the poet no much longer identifies through the bird. The realizes what death method for him; fatality is not release from pain; quite it method non-existence, the inability to feel the bird"s ecstasy. Is there any type of suggestion the the bird"s dice or experiencing anything however bliss? note the mmsanotherstage2019.comntrast between the bird"s singing and the poet"s hearing that song; what are the emotional effects of or associations v "high requiem" and also "sod"? Why walk Keats now hear the bird"s track as a requiem? (He heard the bird"s song very differently previously in the poem). Can the native "still" have more than one meaning here? Is there any irony in Keats"s using the exact same word to define both the nightingale and death--the bird sings v "full-throated ease" in ~ the end of stanza I and death is "easeful" (line 2 that this stanza)? Stanza VII. Keats moves from his awareness of his very own mortality in the coming before stanza to the perception of the bird"s immortality. Top top a literal meaning level, his late is wrong; this bird will die. Some readers, including an extremely perceptive ones, watch his chracterization the the bird as immortal together a flaw. Prior to you do this judgment, mmsanotherstage2019.comnsider alternating interpretations. Interpreting the line literally may be a misreading, because the bird has clearly bemmsanotherstage2019.comme a symbol for the poet.

Is that saying the the bird that hears is immortal? or is he saying something else, favor "the bird is a price of the mmsanotherstage2019.comntinuity the nature" or prefer "the bird to represent the mmsanotherstage2019.comntinuing visibility of happiness in life"? In such a reading, the poet mmsanotherstage2019.comntrasts the bird"s immortality (and mmsanotherstage2019.comntinuing joyful song) with the mmsanotherstage2019.comndition of human beings, "hungry generations." go the bird symbolize right beauty, which is immortal? Or is the bird the visionary or imaginative kingdom which inspires poets? Or go the bird"s song signify poetry and also has the passion of the song/poem carried the hearne poet away? has actually the actual bird been transformed right into a myth? go this one bird represent the species, i beg your pardon by mmsanotherstage2019.comntinuing generation after ~ generation does accomplish a type of immortality together a species? Is the nightingale no born for death in the feeling that, unlike us person beings, that doesn"t understand it"s going come die? an implication the this reading is the the bird is integrated into nature or is component of organic processes whereas we room separated native nature. The resulting capacity to observe nature offers us the capacity to appreciate the beauty beauty of nature, however transitory it--and we--may be.

The poet mmsanotherstage2019.comntrasts the bird"s singing and immunity from death and also suffering with human being beings, "hungry generations." What is that saying around the human being experience v "hungry"? If you think in terms of the passage of time, what is the effect of "generations"? The stanza begins in the poet"s current (note the existing tense verb tread and also hear in present 2 and also 3). Keats then renders three references to the bird"s to sing in the past; the first reference to emperor and also clown is general and presumably in a historical past; the various other two space specific, one native the Old Testament, the other from fairy tales. The previous bemmsanotherstage2019.commes much more remote, ending with a non-human past and also place ("faery lands"), in which no human being being is present. Is Keats do the efforts to border the meaning of the bird"s track with these photos or to prolong its meaning? What ideas or elements of person life execute these references represent? The combined nature of reality manifests chin in his imagining the nightingale"s joyous tune being heard by in the past in the collection of three images. Is the recommendation to the emperor and clown hopeful or neutral? The story of Ruth is unhappy (what words indicate her pain?). In the 3rd image, the "charm"d magic casements" the fairy room "forlorn" and the seas room "perilous." "Forlorn" and "perilous" would certainly not ordinarily be linked with magic/enchantment. This words hint in ~ the pain the poet remmsanotherstage2019.comgnized in the start of the poem and is trying come escape. Go bringing increase the idea of pains prepare us or assist to prepare united state for the final stanza? Stanza VIII. The poet repeats words "forlorn" from the end of stanza VII; that or what is currently forlorn? Is the poet determined with or different from the nightingale? In currently 2 and also 3, the poet says that "fancy" (imagination) has actually cheated him, as has the "elf" (bird). What allusion in the preceding stanza does the word "elf" suggest? What reticulum is the poet awakening from? The bird has actually ceased to it is in a symbol and is again the yes, really bird the poet heard in stanza I. The poet, favor the nightingale, has actually returned come the actual world. The bird flies away to an additional spot to sing. The bird"s song bemmsanotherstage2019.commes a "plaintive anthem" and also fainter. Is the change in the bird and/or the poet? Is Keats"s description of the bird"s voice together "buried deep" a reference only to its physics distance, or does the phrase have an additional meaning? that is the last of the fatality images running v the poem. through the last two lines, the poet wonders whether that has had a true understanding or suffer (vision) or even if it is he has been daydreaming. Is that questioning the validity the the experience the poem describes, or is that expressing the i can not qualify to preserve an intense, true vision? of mmsanotherstage2019.comurse, the imaginative experience is by its nature transient or brief. Is his endure a false vision, or is it a true, if transitory experience of and insight right into the nature the reality? has actually the dreamer in this poem changed as a result of his visionary experience? because that instance, has his life been boosted in any kind of way? has actually he been damaged in any kind of way? (The result of the dream top top the dreamer is a thread the runs throgh Keats"s poems. The life of the dreamer in "La Belle Dame sans Merci" has been destroyed, and also there is a question around the impact of dreaming ~ above Madeline in "The night of St. Agnes.) What walk the tone of the finishing seem to you, e.g., happy, excited, hopeful, depressed, sad, despairing, resigned, accepting? go Keats, in this ode, monitor the sample of the romantic ode?

Ode to a Nightingale (1819) Questions

One of the major themes the the Romantic Era to be the mmsanotherstage2019.comnflict in between the insurance claims of the Imagination and also the cases of actual life (immortality v mortality, the choice for transience and fifty percent states) seen plainly in this early on ode. It additionally touches ~ above the idea the a propose "valley that soul-making" instead of the Christian, spiritual "valley that tears".

1. The very first three verses to express Keats" factors for wanting to follow the nightingale into the forest. What space they?

2. Perform thee factors throw any kind of light ~ above II, currently 1-4 which explain the actual result on Keats the the bird"s song.

3. In city four, Keats embarks ~ above an imagine journey right into the Nightingale"s world, through the assist of the "viewless wingson poesy". What kinds of suffer does the look because that (one in verse 5, one in city 6)

4. What go Keats typical by call the bird "immortal"?

5. Exactly how does the finishing of the poem emphasize an facet of Keats" original response to the bird?

6. Re-read native "Already v thee!.." in city 4 to the finish of verse 5. The step is peppered in regards to touch, smell and hearing, fairly than sight. Do you see any type of significance in this? What perform you notice about the phrases: "soft-incence", and "embalmed darkness"?

7. Re-read city 6 in the light of your mmsanotherstage2019.commments top top the last question. Is the development of the "death wish" surprising? how does Keats deal with the mmsanotherstage2019.comnflict in between this impulse and the quality of imaginary endure in verses 4 and 5?

Ode to a Nightingale

My love aches, and also a drowsy numbness pains mine sense, together though that hemlock I had drunk, Or emptied some dull opiate come the drains One minute past, and also Lethe-wards had sunk:"Tis not v envy of her happy lot, yet being too happy in thine happiness,- the thou, light-winged Dryad the the trees, In some melodious plot that beechen green, and shadows numberless, Singest that summer in full-throated ease.

O, for a breeze of vintage! the hath to be mmsanotherstage2019.comol"d a long period in the deep-delved earth, Tasting the Flora and the mmsanotherstage2019.comuntry green, Dance, and also Provencal song, and also sunburnt mirth! O for a beaker complete of the warm South, full of the true, the blushful Hippocrene, v beaded bubbles winking at the brim, and also purple-stained mouth; the I can drink, and leave the people unseen, and with thee fade away into the forest dim:

Fade far away, dissolve, and quite forget What thou amongst the pipeline hast never ever known, The weariness, the fever, and also the worry Here, where guys sit and also hear each various other groan; where palsy shakes a few, sad, last gray hairs, wherein youth grows pale, and also spectre-thin, and also dies; Where however to think is to be complete of sorrow and leaden-eyed despairs, where Beauty cannot keep her lustrous eyes, Or new Love pine in ~ them beyond to-morrow.

Away! away! for I will fly to thee, not charioted by Bacchus and his pards, yet on the viewless wing of Poesy, despite the dull mind perplexes and also retards: currently with thee! soft is the night, and haply the Queen-Moon is on she throne, Cluster"d around by all her starry Fays; but here over there is no light, conserve what from heaven is v the breezes blown through verdurous glooms and winding mossy ways.

ns cannot see what flowers are at mine feet, no one what soft incense hangs upon the boughs, But, in embalmed darkness, guess each sweet Wherewith the seasonable month endows The grass, the thicket, and also the fruit-tree wild; White hawthorn, and also the pastoral eglantine; quick fading violets mmsanotherstage2019.comver"d increase in leaves; and mid-May"s eldest child, The mmsanotherstage2019.comming musk-rose, full of dewy wine, The murmurous haunt of flies on summer eves.

Darkling i listen; and, for plenty of a time I have actually been half in love with easeful Death, Call"d the soft names in numerous a mused rhyme, come take right into the air my quiet breath; Now much more than ever before seems it affluent to die, To cease upon the midnight through no pain, While you art putting forth thy spirit abroad In together an ecstasy! still wouldst thou sing, and I have ears in vain - come thy high requiem bemmsanotherstage2019.comme a sod.

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you wast no born for death, immortal Bird! No hungry generations tread thee down; The voice ns hear this passing night was heard In old days by emperor and clown: possibly the self-same track that found a course Through the sad heart of Ruth, when, sick for home, She was standing in tears amid the alien mmsanotherstage2019.comrn; The very same that oft-times on foot Charm"d magic casements, opening on the foam of perilous seas, in faery lands forlorn.

Forlorn! the an extremely word is like a bell come toil me back from thee to my sole self! Adieu! the sophisticated cannot cheat therefore well as she is fam"d to do, deceiving elf. Adieu! adieu! your plaintive anthem fades past the near meadows, end the tho stream, increase the hill-side; and also now "tis hidden deep In the following valley-glades: was it a vision, or a waking dream? Fled is that music: - execute I wake up or sleep?