Mercury

facet 80 of periodic table is Mercury v atomic number 80, atomic load 200.59. Mercury, prize Hg, has actually a an easy Trigonal structure and Silver color. Mercury is a shift metal element. Trivial surname of Mercury is volatile metals. Understand everything around Mercury Facts, physics Properties, chemical Properties, electronic configuration, Atomic and also Crystal Structure.


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Mercury is a chemical aspect with price Hg and atomic number 80. The is commonly known as quicksilver and also was formerly named hydrargyrum (/haɪˈdrɑːrdʒərəm/). A heavy, silvery d-block element, mercury is the just metallic aspect that is liquid at standard conditions for temperature and also pressure; the just other aspect that is liquid under these conditions is bromine, though metals such as caesium, gallium, and also rubidium melt just over room temperature.

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Mercury Facts

Read an essential information and also facts around element Mercury

surname Mercury
atom Number 80
atomic Symbol Hg
Atomic weight 200.59
step Liquid
shade Silver
Classification transition metal
team in regular Table 12
Group Name zinc family members
duration in periodic Table 6
Block in regular Table d-block
Electronic Configuration 4f14 5d10 6s2
Melting allude -38.83 °C
Boiling allude 356.73 °C
Electronic covering Structure <2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 2>
CAS Number CAS7439-97-6

community
47
Ag
48
Cd
49
In
79
Au
80
Hg
81
Tl
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Nh
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
1
1
H
2
He
2
3
Li
4
Be
5
B
6
C
7
N
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
3
11
Na
12
Mg
13
Al
14
Si
15
P
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
4
19
K
20
Ca
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
24
Cr
25
Mn
26
Fe
27
Co
28
Ni
29
Cu
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
35
Br
36
Kr
5
37
Rb
38
Sr
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
42
Mo
43
Tc
44
Ru
45
Rh
46
Pd
47
Ag
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
51
Sb
52
Te
53
I
54
Xe
6
55
Cs
56
Ba
72
Hf
73
Ta
74
W
75
Re
76
Os
77
Ir
78
Pt
79
Au
80
Hg
81
Tl
82
Pb
83
Bi
84
Po
85
At
86
Rn
7
87
Fr
88
Ra
104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Nh
114
Fl
115
Mc
116
Lv
117
Ts
118
Og
Lanthanides
57
La
58
Ce
59
Pr
60
Nd
61
Pm
62
Sm
63
Eu
64
Gd
65
Tb
66
Dy
67
Ho
68
Er
69
Tm
70
Yb
71
Lu
Actinide
89
Ac
90
Th
91
Pa
92
U
93
Np
94
Pu
95
Am
96
Cm
97
Bk
98
Cf
99
Es
100
Fm
101
Md
102
No
103
Lr

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How to find Mercury on regular Table

Periodic table is i ordered it by atom number, variety of protons in the nucleus i m sorry is very same as variety of electrons. The atom number increases from left come right. Regular table start at height left ( atomic number 1) and also ends in ~ bottom appropriate (atomic number 118). Thus you can directly look for atomic number 80 to uncover Mercury on periodic table.

Another way to read routine table and locate an facet is by using group number (column) and period number (row). To locate Mercury on routine table look for cross ar of team 12 and period 6 in the contemporary periodic table.

check out Interactive regular Table to Understand and also Learn Cool patterns

Table of Contents


History
Abundance
Physical Properties
Thermal Properties
Crystal Structure
Atomic & orbit Properties
Chemical Properties
Isotopes
Health and also Safety Parameters and also Guidelines
Databases
Compare Mercury with various other elements

Mercury History

The aspect Mercury was found by unknown in year 1500 BC in unknown location . Mercury acquired its surname from the brand-new Latin name mercurius, named after the roman god (Hg from previous name hydrargyrum, from Greek hydr-, "water", and argyros, "silver")

Mercury Presence: abundance in Nature and also Around Us

The table below shows the diversity of Mercury in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and Human Body.

Ppb by load (1ppb =10^-7 %)
abundance in world 1×10-7%
diversity in sun 2×10-6%
diversity in Meteorites 2.5e-07
Abundance in Earth"s crust 6.7×10-6%
abundance in seas 5×10-9%
diversity in human beings N/A

Crystal structure of Mercury

The solid state framework of Mercury is Simple Trigonal.

The decision structure have the right to be explained in regards to its unit Cell. The unit cell repeats itself in 3 dimensional an are to form the structure.

Unit cabinet Parameters

The unit cabinet is represented in regards to its lattice parameters, which are the lengths of the cell edges Lattice Constants (a, b and also c)

a b c
300.5 300.5 300.5 pm

and the angles in between them Lattice angles (alpha, beta and gamma).

alpha beta gamma
1.23081 1.23081 1.23081

The location of the atoms inside the unit cell are defined by the set of atom positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured from a recommendation lattice point.

The symmetry properties of the decision are explained by the principle of space groups. All possible symmetric arrangements of particles in three-dimensional room are defined by the 230 an are groups (219 unique types, or 230 if chiral duplicates are taken into consideration distinct.

space Group name R_ 3m
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space Group Number 166
Crystal framework Simple Trigonal

Mercury Atomic and Orbital Properties

Mercury atoms have 80 electrons and also the digital shell structure is <2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 2> v Atomic hatchet Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 1S0.


atomic Number 80
Number of electron (with no charge) 80
Number of Protons 80
Mass Number 201
Number the Neutrons 121
Shell framework (Electrons per energy level) <2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 2>
Electron construction 4f14 5d10 6s2
Valence Electrons 5d10 6s2
Oxidation State -2 1;2
Atomic term Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 1S0

Shell framework of Mercury - electron per energy level


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Ground State digital Configuration of Mercury - neutral Mercury atom

The ground state digital configuration of Neutral Mercury atom is 4f14 5d10 6s2. The portion of Mercury configuration that is identical to the noble gas that the preceding period, is abbreviated together . For atoms with plenty of electrons, this notation deserve to become an extensive and therefore an abbreviated notation is used.This is vital as that is the Valence electrons 4f14 5d10 6s2, electron in the outermost shell that determine the chemical properties that the element.

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Unabbreviated electronic configuration of neutral Mercury

Complete ground state digital configuration for the Mercury atom, Unabbreviated digital configuration

1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p6 4f14 5d10 6s2

Atomic framework of Mercury

Mercury atom radius is 171 pm, if it"s covalent radius is 149 pm.

atomic Radius

171 afternoon (1.71 Å)

Atomic Volume 14.8211910743 cm3
Covalent Radius 149 pm (1.49 Å)
van der Waals Radius 155 pm
spirit Cross section 374 σa/barns

Atomic Spectrum that Mercury

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Mercury chemistry Properties: Mercury Ionization Energies and electron affinity

The electron affinity that Mercury is 0 kJ/mol

Valence 2
Electronegativity 2
ElectronAffinity 0 kJ/mol

Ionization energy of Mercury

Refer come table listed below for Ionization energies the Mercury

Ionization power number Enthalpy - kJ/mol
1 1007.1
2 1810
3 3.3×103

Mercury physical Properties

Refer to listed below table because that Mercury physical Properties

thickness 13.534 g/cm3
Molar Volume 14.8211910743 cm3

Elastic Properties

Young Modulus N/A
Shear Modulus N/A
mass Modulus 25 GPa
Poisson ratio N/A

Hardness of Mercury - exam to measure up of Hardness of Element

Mohs Hardness N/A
Vickers Hardness N/A
Brinell Hardness N/A

Mercury electrical Properties

Mercury is Conductor the electricity. Refer to table listed below for the electrical properties the Mercury

electrical Conductivity 1×106 S/m
Resistivity 9.6×10-7 m Ω
Superconducting point 4.154

Mercury Heat and Conduction Properties

thermal Conductivity 8.3 W/(m K)
Thermal development N/A

Mercury Magnetic Properties

Magnetic form Diamagnetic
Curie suggest N/A
mass Magnetic Susceptibility -2.1×10-9
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility -4.21×10-10
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility -2.84e-05

Optical properties of Mercury

Refractive index 1.000933

Acoustic properties of Mercury

speed of Sound 1407 m/s

Mercury thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

Refer come table below for heat properties of Mercury

Melting point 234.32 K (-38.83 °C)
Boiling suggest 629.88 K (356.73 °C)
crucial Temperature 1750 K
Superconducting point 4.154

Enthalpies of Mercury

warm of blend 2.29 kJ/mol
warmth of Vaporization 59.2 kJ/mol
warm of burning N/A

Mercury isotopes - atom Properties the Mercury

Isotopes that rhodium. Naturally emerging Mercury has actually 7 stable isotope - 196Hg, 198Hg, 199Hg, 200Hg, 201Hg, 202Hg, 204Hg.


Isotope Isotope massive % abundance T half Decay setting
171Hg
172Hg
173Hg
174Hg
175Hg
176Hg
177Hg
178Hg
179Hg
180Hg
181Hg
182Hg
183Hg
184Hg
185Hg
186Hg
187Hg
188Hg
189Hg
190Hg
191Hg
192Hg
193Hg
194Hg
195Hg
196Hg 0.15% steady N/A
197Hg
198Hg 9.97% stable N/A
199Hg 16.87% stable N/A
200Hg 23.1% stable N/A
201Hg 13.18% secure N/A
202Hg 29.86% stable N/A
203Hg
204Hg 6.87% stable N/A
205Hg
206Hg
207Hg
208Hg
209Hg
210Hg

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and also Guidelines

CAS Number CAS7439-97-6
RTECS Number RTECSOV4550000
period Hazard course 8
period Numbers 2809
EU Number N/A
NFPA Fire Rating 0
NFPA perils N/A
NFPA health Rating 3
NFPA Reactivity Rating 0
Autoignition point N/A
Flashpoint N/A

Database Search

list of distinct identifiers to find the element in various chemical it is registered databases

Database identifier number
CAS Number - chemical Abstracts business (CAS) CAS7439-97-6
CID Number CID23931
Gmelin Number N/A
NSC Number N/A
RTECS Number RTECSOV4550000

Compare Mercury v all Group 12 elements

Mercury vs Zinc Mercury vs Cadmium Mercury vs Copernicium

Compare Mercury through all transition metal elements

Mercury vs Scandium Mercury vs Titanium Mercury vs Vanadium Mercury vs Chromium Mercury vs Manganese Mercury vs stole Mercury vs Cobalt Mercury vs Nickel Mercury vs Copper Mercury vs Zinc Mercury vs Yttrium Mercury vs Zirconium Mercury vs Niobium Mercury vs Molybdenum Mercury vs Technetium Mercury vs Ruthenium Mercury vs Rhodium Mercury vs Palladium Mercury vs silver Mercury vs Cadmium Mercury vs Hafnium Mercury vs Tantalum Mercury vs Tungsten Mercury vs Rhenium Mercury vs Osmium Mercury vs Iridium Mercury vs Platinum Mercury vs yellow Mercury vs Rutherfordium Mercury vs Dubnium Mercury vs Seaborgium Mercury vs Bohrium Mercury vs Hassium Mercury vs Meitnerium Mercury vs Darmstadtium Mercury vs Roentgenium Mercury vs Copernicium