facet 80 of periodic table is Mercury v atomic number 80, atomic load 200.59. Mercury, prize Hg, has actually a an easy Trigonal structure and Silver color. Mercury is a shift metal element. Trivial surname of Mercury is volatile metals. Understand everything around Mercury Facts, physics Properties, chemical Properties, electronic configuration, Atomic and also Crystal Structure.
Mercury is a chemical aspect with price Hg and atomic number 80. The is commonly known as quicksilver and also was formerly named hydrargyrum (/haɪˈdrɑːrdʒərəm/). A heavy, silvery d-block element, mercury is the just metallic aspect that is liquid at standard conditions for temperature and also pressure; the just other aspect that is liquid under these conditions is bromine, though metals such as caesium, gallium, and also rubidium melt just over room temperature.
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Read an essential information and also facts around element Mercury
|team in regular Table||12|
|Group Name||zinc family members|
|duration in periodic Table||6|
|Block in regular Table||d-block|
|Melting allude||-38.83 °C|
|Boiling allude||356.73 °C|
|Electronic covering Structure||<2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 2>|
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How to find Mercury on regular Table
Periodic table is i ordered it by atom number, variety of protons in the nucleus i m sorry is very same as variety of electrons. The atom number increases from left come right. Regular table start at height left ( atomic number 1) and also ends in ~ bottom appropriate (atomic number 118). Thus you can directly look for atomic number 80 to uncover Mercury on periodic table.
Another way to read routine table and locate an facet is by using group number (column) and period number (row). To locate Mercury on routine table look for cross ar of team 12 and period 6 in the contemporary periodic table.
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Table of Contents
Atomic & orbit Properties
Health and also Safety Parameters and also Guidelines
Compare Mercury with various other elements
The aspect Mercury was found by unknown in year 1500 BC in unknown location . Mercury acquired its surname from the brand-new Latin name mercurius, named after the roman god (Hg from previous name hydrargyrum, from Greek hydr-, "water", and argyros, "silver")
Mercury Presence: abundance in Nature and also Around Us
The table below shows the diversity of Mercury in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and Human Body.
|abundance in world||1×10-7%|
|diversity in sun||2×10-6%|
|diversity in Meteorites||2.5e-07|
|Abundance in Earth"s crust||6.7×10-6%|
|abundance in seas||5×10-9%|
|diversity in human beings||N/A|
Crystal structure of Mercury
The solid state framework of Mercury is Simple Trigonal.
The decision structure have the right to be explained in regards to its unit Cell. The unit cell repeats itself in 3 dimensional an are to form the structure.
Unit cabinet Parameters
The unit cabinet is represented in regards to its lattice parameters, which are the lengths of the cell edges Lattice Constants (a, b and also c)
and the angles in between them Lattice angles (alpha, beta and gamma).
The location of the atoms inside the unit cell are defined by the set of atom positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured from a recommendation lattice point.
The symmetry properties of the decision are explained by the principle of space groups. All possible symmetric arrangements of particles in three-dimensional room are defined by the 230 an are groups (219 unique types, or 230 if chiral duplicates are taken into consideration distinct.
|space Group name||R_ 3m|| |
|space Group Number||166|
|Crystal framework||Simple Trigonal|
Mercury Atomic and Orbital Properties
Mercury atoms have 80 electrons and also the digital shell structure is <2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 2> v Atomic hatchet Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 1S0.
|Number of electron (with no charge)||80|
|Number of Protons||80|
|Number the Neutrons||121|
|Shell framework (Electrons per energy level)||<2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 2>|
|Valence Electrons||5d10 6s2|
|Oxidation State||-2 1;2|
|Atomic term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)||1S0|
Shell framework of Mercury - electron per energy level
Ground State digital Configuration of Mercury - neutral Mercury atomThe ground state digital configuration of Neutral Mercury atom is
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Unabbreviated electronic configuration of neutral Mercury
Complete ground state digital configuration for the Mercury atom, Unabbreviated digital configuration
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p6 4f14 5d10 6s2
Atomic framework of Mercury
Mercury atom radius is 171 pm, if it"s covalent radius is 149 pm.
|atomic Radius|| |
171 afternoon (1.71 Å)
|Atomic Volume||14.8211910743 cm3|
|Covalent Radius||149 pm (1.49 Å)|
|van der Waals Radius||155 pm|
|spirit Cross section||374 σa/barns|
Atomic Spectrum that Mercury
Mercury chemistry Properties: Mercury Ionization Energies and electron affinity
The electron affinity that Mercury is 0 kJ/mol
Ionization energy of Mercury
Refer come table listed below for Ionization energies the Mercury
Mercury physical Properties
Refer to listed below table because that Mercury physical Properties
|Molar Volume||14.8211910743 cm3|
|mass Modulus||25 GPa|
Hardness of Mercury - exam to measure up of Hardness of Element
Mercury electrical Properties
Mercury is Conductor the electricity. Refer to table listed below for the electrical properties the Mercury
|electrical Conductivity||1×106 S/m|
|Resistivity||9.6×10-7 m Ω|
Mercury Heat and Conduction Properties
|thermal Conductivity||8.3 W/(m K)|
Mercury Magnetic Properties
|mass Magnetic Susceptibility||-2.1×10-9|
|Molar Magnetic Susceptibility||-4.21×10-10|
|Volume Magnetic Susceptibility||-2.84e-05|
Optical properties of Mercury
Acoustic properties of Mercury
|speed of Sound||1407 m/s|
Mercury thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics
Refer come table below for heat properties of Mercury
|Melting point||234.32 K (-38.83 °C)|
|Boiling suggest||629.88 K (356.73 °C)|
|crucial Temperature||1750 K|
Enthalpies of Mercury
|warm of blend||2.29 kJ/mol|
|warmth of Vaporization||59.2 kJ/mol|
|warm of burning||N/A|
Mercury isotopes - atom Properties the Mercury
Isotopes that rhodium. Naturally emerging Mercury has actually 7 stable isotope - 196Hg, 198Hg, 199Hg, 200Hg, 201Hg, 202Hg, 204Hg.
Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and also Guidelines
|period Hazard course||8|
|NFPA Fire Rating||0|
|NFPA health Rating||3|
|NFPA Reactivity Rating||0|
list of distinct identifiers to find the element in various chemical it is registered databases
|CAS Number - chemical Abstracts business (CAS)||CAS7439-97-6|