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Three various types of daises flourished in the Anasazi website that was looted over the summer: X. confertifolia, X. tortifolia, and X. cronquistii. Outwardly, they all show up similar. X. tortifolia and also X. confertifolia have actually single, but distinctive forms of the “compositase” protein that might be supplied to differentiate them all. X. confertifolia appeared to be a hybrid of the two aforementioned types. X. cronquistii has actually whitish stems that are villous at the nodes and subshrubs that create round clumps. It is incredibly rare, uncovered only in a few sites in the Southwest. In this case, it was discovered in a very tiny area in southerly Utah. Each of the different daises have certain soil preferences. X. tortifolia and X. cronquistii like gray shale soils near the bottoms of washes. X. confertifolia grows on brown clay soils on mesa tops and in washes where eroded brvery own clay soils appear. X. cronquistii’s neighborhood location is mostly distributed around the 4 corners (Utah, Colorado, New Mexico, and also Arizona). Mr. Anderkid clintends he found the pot about a shed external of Johnboy Mine Propety, which is one mile east of the Gray Wash area wbelow the plants were looted. Although the burned provides him proximity to the looting site, he is a component owner, so it may just be circumstantial proof tying him to the site. Given morphology evidence alone, I execute not think Mr. Anderkid is guilty. Although the daisy in the pot might resemble the looted ones, I execute not think there is evidence compelling sufficient to location Mr. Anderchild in the Anasazi website.

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In order to distinguish in between the daises, proteins from all 3 were examined using starch gel electrophoresis. Gel electrophoresis is a advantageous approach to separate molecules, like proteins, based upon their dimension and also charge. This process provides electrical currents; one side of the gel has actually an unfavorable charge and one more has actually a positive charge. Repelled by the negative charge, molecules will certainly relocate via the gel towards the positive charge. Once put into the gel, the molecules will travel through it in different directions and also speeds, allowing them to be separated from one an additional.

Using gel electrophoresis, researchers learned that each daisy has two duplicates of the gene for the “compositase” protein. Each of the parental daises has 2 the same duplicates of the gene, hence resulting in only one array of the “compositase” protein from those genes. X. cronquistii provides both sorts of proteins and shows two bands on the protein gel. The protein analysis revealed that the X. cronquistii discovered in the pot could not have actually grvery own roughly the shed where Mr. Anderson claims he discovered it. The brvery own clay soil around the Johnchild Mine just support the expansion of X. confertifolia, not X. tortifolia or X. cronquistii.

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Based on both molecular and physical evidence, I now think Mr. Anderkid is guilty. Although I initially thought the shed’s proximity to the looting site was purely circumstantial evidence, the protein analysis persuaded me that Mr. Anderson went out of his way to loot the X. cronquistii flowers that can not have actually grown near his shed because of soil incompatibility. The brown silty clay found on Mr. Anderson’s tires might have actually matched those roughly his burned, but I think he drove to the Gray Wash site to loot the X. cronquistii flowers. I believe the tires were not spanned in the gray shale soils because he went dvery own to retrieve the plant on foot. The molecular proof certainly strengthened the prosecution’s case.