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The following day a newspaper tape-recorded the toasts that were provided to john Marshall at the dinner the night before. The toast indigenous Robert Goodloe Harper was proclaimed as \"Millions because that defense, however not a cent for tribute!\" It no long prior to people, and also later historians, had taken these words and placed lock in the mouth that Charles Pinckney because that his reply to the French.

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Barbary Pirates

Just a couple of years later, President thomas Jefferson again took up the cry \"Millions because that defense, yet not one cent because that tribute\" in regard come the Barbary says of Tripoli, Algiers, and Tunis. These Barbary “pirates” inquiry tribute native the United says in order to keep them from attacking American shipping.

The capture and enslavement of the crew the the USS Philadelphia through Tripoli appalled many Americans. A newspaper well-known to be a strong supporter of thomas Jefferson ran an write-up with the headline “Millions because that Defense, however not a Cent for Tribute” thus picking increase the rallying cry when again.

This Barbary hostage situation was the equivalent in the day come the Iran hostage crisis at the finish of the Carter administration some 175 year later. The resulting military action, specifically the fight of Derne, led to the Tripoli section of the phrase \"From the Halls of Montezuma come the Shores that Tripoli\" in The marine Corps’Hymn.

Hard Times

By 1837, there to be still plenty of Americans the remembered the cry \"Millions because that defense, yet not one cent because that tribute.\" So the is not surprising that this would finish up on numerous Hard times tokens.

These \"hard times\" came around as a result of chairman Andrew Jackson’s financial policies. This policies, which consisted of the President’s stand versus the 2nd Bank that the unified States, definitely led to the scare of 1837 and also a resulting shortage of coinage as result of hoarding. The production of tough Times tokens was a direct an answer to help solve this nation\"s coin shortage during this time.


Appleby, Joyce. Cutting board Jefferson. Macmillan, 2003.

Brown, Everit and Albert Strauss. A thesaurus of American Politics: making up Accounts of political Parties, Measures and Men . . .etc. A.L. Burt, 1907.

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Editor. “Letters to the Editor,” Time newspaper (April 12, 1937).

Keyes, Ralph. The Quote Verifier: Who stated What, Where, and When. St. Martin\"s Griffin, 2006.

Marrota, Michael E. \"Hard time Tokens.\" (May 31, 1994) http://www.limunltd.com/numismatica/articles/hard-times-tokens.html (accessed June 4, 2009). Originally showed up in object 43 that the well Collectibles Conference.

Meriwether, Colyer. Publications of the Southern background Association, v. 4. Southern background Association, 1900.

Rulau, Russell. Hard Times Tokens: 1832-1844, sixth Ed. Krause Publications, 1996.