advent is around to begin. What carry out the Church's official records say around this season? (photo: register Files)
development begins ~ above Sunday, December 1st.

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Most of us have actually an intuitive knowledge of Advent, based upon experience, but what carry out the Church"s official records actually say about Advent?

Here are few of the straightforward questions and also (official!) answers around Advent.

Some the the answers room surprising!

Here we go . . .


1. What Is the function of Advent?

Advent is a season on the Church"s liturgical calendar--specifically, it is as season top top the calendar of the Latin Church, i m sorry is the largest Church in communion through the pope.

Other Catholic Churches--as well as plenty of non-Catholic churches--have their own celebration the Advent.

According to the basic Norms for the Liturgical Year and the Calendar:

Advent has a twofold character:

together a season come prepare because that Christmas once Christ"s very first coming to us is remembered;as a season as soon as that remembrance directs the mind and heart come await Christ"s 2nd Coming in ~ the finish of time.

Advent is for this reason a duration for devout and also joyful expectation .

We often tend to think of advent only as the season in which us prepare for Christmas, or the first Coming of Christ, but as the basic Norms point out, that is important that we additionally remember it together a celebration event in which us look forward to the 2nd Coming that Christ.

Properly speaking, advent is a season that brings come mind the 2 Comings that Christ.


2. What Liturgical color Are used in Advent?

Particular days and certain varieties of celebrations have the right to have their very own colors (e.g., red for martyrs, black or white in ~ funerals), however the normal shade for introduction is violet. The basic Instruction of the roman inn Missal provides:

The shade violet or violet is used in Advent and Lent. That may also be worn in Offices and Masses for the Dead <346d>.

In many places, there is a notable exemption for the third Sunday that Advent, well-known as Gaudete Sunday:

The color rose might be used, whereby it is the practice, top top Gaudete Sunday (Third Sunday the Advent) and on Laetare Sunday (Fourth Sunday the Lent) .


3. Is arrival a Penitential Season?

We often think of development as a penitential season due to the fact that the liturgical color for development is violet, choose the color of Lent, i m sorry is a penitential season.

However, in reality, development is not a penitential season. Surprise!

According come the password of Canon Law:

Can. 1250 The penitential days and also times in the global Church are every Friday the the whole year and the season that Lent.

Although regional authorities deserve to establish added penitential days, this is a finish listing that the penitential days and also times that the Latin Church as a whole, and introduction is not among them.


4. As soon as Does development Begin and End?

According to the general Norms:

Advent begins with evening prayer ns of the Sunday fall on or closest come 30 November and also ends prior to evening prayer ns of Christmas .

The Sunday top top or closest to November 30 can range between November 27 and December 3, relying on the year.

In the situation of a Sunday, evening Prayer i is said on the evening of the coming before day (Saturday). Follow to the general Instruction that the Liturgy that the Hours:

96. Evening prayer, celebrated automatically before Mass, is joined to the in the same means as morning prayer. Evening prayer ns of solemnities, Sundays, or feasts the the lord falling on Sundays may not be commemorated until after massive of the coming before day or Saturday. 

This means that introduction begins top top the evening of a Saturday falling in between November 26 and also December 2 (inclusive), and also it end on the evening of December 24th, which holds evening Prayer ns of Christmas (December 25th).


5. What Is the function of Sundays in Advent?

There are four Sundays of Advent. The general Norms state:

The Sundays of this season are named the First, Second, Third, and Fourth Sundays of introduction .

We have already mentioned the the third Sunday of arrival has a unique name--Gaudete Sunday. Gaudete is the Latin word for "Rejoice," i m sorry is the an initial word the the introit of the Mass because that this day.

The Church ascribes details importance to this Sundays, and also they take precedence over various other liturgical celebrations. Thus the general Norms state:

Because that its unique importance, the Sunday solemn event gives way only to solemnities or feasts the the Lord. The Sundays the the seasons of Advent, Lent, and Easter, however, take precedence over all solemnities and also feasts that the Lord. Solemnities occuring on these Sundays space observed ~ above the Saturdays preceding .

You likewise cannot memory Funeral Masses on the Sundays the Advent:

Among the Masses because that the Dead, the Funeral mass holds first place. It might be commemorated on any kind of day except for Solemnities that are Holydays of Obligation, Thursday of holy Week, the Paschal Triduum, and also the Sundays that Advent, Lent, and also Easter, with due regard likewise for every the other demands of the share of the legislation .


6. What happens on weekday in Advent?

It is especially recommended the homilies be provided on the weekdays of Advent. The general Instruction of the roman inn Missal (GIRM) states:

On Sundays and also Holydays of obligation there is to it is in a Homily at every Mass that is commemorated with the world attending and also it may not it is in omitted there is no a dig reason. On various other days it is recommended, specifically on the day of the week of Advent, Lent and also Easter Time, as well as on other festive days and also occasions when the human being come to church in higher numbers .

The general Norms also point out a special role for the day of the week of the week coming before Christmas:

The weekdays from 17 December to 24 December inclusive offer to prepare much more directly for the Lord"s bear .

This special role is illustrated, because that example, by the bible readings offered in the liturgy on this days.


7. Just how Are churches Decorated during Advent?

The general Instruction of the roman Missal notes:

During development the floral decorate of the altar need to be significant by a moderation suitable to the character of this time that year, there is no expressing in anticipation the complete joy that the Nativity that the Lord. throughout Lent that is forbidden because that the altar to it is in decorated through flowers. Exceptions, however, room Laetare Sunday (Fourth Sunday that Lent), Solemnities, and Feasts .


8. Just how Is Music Performed during Advent?

The general Instruction that the roman Missal notes:

In arrival the use of the organ and other musical tools should be significant by a moderation suited to the personality of this time that year, there is no expressing in anticipation the full joy of the Nativity of the Lord. In Lent the playing of the organ and also musical instruments is enabled only in order to assistance the singing. Exceptions, however, are Laetare Sunday (Fourth Sunday the Lent), Solemnities, and also Feasts .


9. Is the Gloria said or Sung during Advent?

Neither. The basic Instruction that the roman inn Missal provides:

Gloria or "Glory come God in the highest"> is sung or claimed on Sundays outside Advent and Lent, and additionally on Solemnities and Feasts, and also at details celebrations the a much more solemn character .


10. What exclusive Devotions deserve to We usage to prosper Closer to God during Advent?

There space a range of exclusive devotions that the Church has actually recognized for use throughout Advent. The most famous is the arrival Wreath.

You can read around these devotions in the directory on well-known Piety and also the Liturgy (starting at no. 96).


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Jimmy Akin Jimmy to be born in Texas and grew increase nominally Protestant, yet at age 20 proficient a extensive conversion to Christ. Plan on coming to be a Protestant pastor or seminary professor, he started an intensive study that the Bible. However the much more he immersed self in scripture the more he discovered to assistance the Catholic faith. Eventually, he gone into the Catholic Church. His switch story, “A Triumph and a Tragedy,” is published in Surprised by Truth. Besides being one author, Jimmy is the senior Apologist at Catholic Answers, a contributing editor to Catholic answers Magazine, and also a weekly guest top top “Catholic answer Live.”