You are watching: How did muslim scholars help preserve european culture
Starting in the so late seventh century, leaders of the Islamic states began gathering with each other scholars come translate and interpret ancient texts, such as the functions of classic philosophers favor Aristotle and Plato, and mathematical treatises by males like Pythagoras, Euclid and Ptolemy. Not just did this aid preserve the classical works that would become the foundation of the european Renaissance, however these centers for translation also became centers because that learning. For every intents and also purposes, they to be the very first universities, centuries prior to Europeans began establishing universities in the 11th century.
The guys who lived and worked v these messages were great thinkers who didn"t just read classic philosophers, they doubted them. Well known Islamic theorists such together Avicenna and Averroes admired the occupational of males like Aristotle, but likewise thought details aspects the their debates were wrong. What the Islamic theorists wanted to understand was, why? To find out, they it was observed the organic world, formed hypotheses, tested and drew conclusions from the results. Basically this to be the bear of the scientific method.
Due to this new found clinical method, Islamic thinkers to be able come make developments in science and also mathematics, yet most especially in medicine. Islamic medicine linked the work of the Greek and Roman philosophers, Hippocrates and also Galen, and relied greatly on observation and experimentation. Muslim physicians studied the eye, performing cataract surgery; found bacteria and also the various ways it might be transmitted; and knew about the heart"s link to the lungs and also capillaries, all while Europe was still in the middle of the Dark Ages. These medical developments made a strong impact in Europe ~ the black Plague, and also Avicenna"s "Canon that Medicine" to be the primary medical message in Europe with the 17th century.
The research and improvement of farming practices was promoted by the Islamic caliphs. Because of the arid environment of the Arabian Peninsula, Islamic scientists tried to number out methods to gain the many use the end of the arable land that was available. As soon as the Islamic Moors resolved in Spain, they introduced the concepts of terracing and irrigation come Europe. European says subsequently obtained these methods, improving chop yields and also helping to support a cultivation urban populace through the Renaissance. Also the word irrigation in Spanish, acequia, is derived from Arabic.
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Natasha Brandstatter is an art historian and also writer. She has a MA in art background and friend can uncover her academic articles published in "Western Passages," "History Colorado" and also "Dutch Utopia." She is also a contributor to publication Riot and also Food Riot, a media critic with the Pueblo PULP and a continuous contributor to Femnista.