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West mmsanotherstage2019.com has actually wide-open spaces through rugged plateaus (plat-toes) and desert mountains. The plateaus have quick grasses and also brush. The desert area is part of the great Chihuahuan (chee-wow-when) Desert that Mexico. The only hills in mmsanotherstage2019.com are uncovered here.

Big Bend country is a an ar of extremes. The desert is dry and also hot in the day and cool in ~ night. Plants and also animals are adjusted for the desert. The mountains provide cold weather in the winter, where on chance it even snows. Forests prosper on the slopes. The slopes of these hills can thrive trees because the high, cooler mountain tops cause precipitation to autumn from clouds moving over the peaks.


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The Rio Grande flow runs follow me the southern part of the big Bend Country. It develops the border in between mmsanotherstage2019.com and also Mexico. The Rio Grande is one of the longest rivers in north America. This an ar is dubbed "Big Bend" due to the fact that the Rio Grande river turns here in a huge bend. Look in ~ a map the mmsanotherstage2019.com. Deserve to you check out the huge bend developed by the Rio Grande River? Kayakers gain the rapids the the Rio Grande River and also beautiful canyons along this part of the river.

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Many civilization come come this part of mmsanotherstage2019.com to watch its mountains. The three highest possible mountain arrays are the Guadalupe Mountains, Davis Mountains and Chisos Mountains. The greatest peak is Guadalupe Peak far in West mmsanotherstage2019.com. The Franklin mountains are top top the leaf of El Paso. Every one of the mountains have actually parks and many human being enjoy long walking here.


Big Bend nationwide Park and huge Bend Ranch are situated here.

Learn much more about its wildlife and history.

Topography and Characteristics

Major River: Rio Grande Major Aquifer: Hueco-Mesilla Bolson Size: 38,000 sq mi.

Big Bend nation is also known as the Trans-Pecos. The covers the too much western part of the state eastern to the Pecos River. The different soils and elevations in this an ar support varied habitats and vegetation, native desert valleys and plateaus to wooded hill slopes.

Mountain outwash materials created the soils that the Trans-Pecos. Surface ar textures vary. The floor is typically alkaline.

Elevations variety from 2,500 feet to more than 8,749 feet in ~ Guadalupe Peak. Although most of mmsanotherstage2019.com is located on level plains or rojo plains, over there are hills in far West mmsanotherstage2019.com. The highest allude in the state is Guadalupe peak at 8,749 feet over sea level. Elevation normally rises from the eastern to the west and also from the southern to the north.

Major cities - Rainfall / Elevation

Regional average Rainfall: 8-20 inches per year Regional average Net Evaporation rate: 52-68 inchesData source: national Climate Datat Center, U.S. Dept that Commerce.

Alpine - 17.19 in. / 4,530 ft. Balmorhea - 14.19 in. / 3,220 ft. Castolon (Big Bend national Park) - 9.80 in. / 2,169 ft. Chisos container (Big Bend national Park) - 19.17 in. / 5,300 ft. El Paso - 9.43 in. / 3,918 ft. Fort Davis - 15.86 in. / 4,880 ft. Fort Stockton - 14.06 in. / 3,000 ft. Marathon - 14.51 in. / 4,055 ft. Marfa - 15.79 in. / 4,760 ft. Pecos - 11.61 in. / 2,610 ft. Presidio - 10.76 in. / 2,560 ft.

Common Vegetation


In the Desert Creosote shrub Lechuguilla Prickly pear Yucca Agave Sotol Ocotillo
In the Mountains mexico pinyon jaw Ponderosa jaw Chisos red oak Big-toothed maple mmsanotherstage2019.com madrone Alligator juniper
In Wetlands (cienegas, rivers, washes) Cottonwood pasture Desert pasture Seep willow Alkali sacaton typical reed large reed (not native) Salt cedar (not native)

Learn more on ours Wildscapes page: plant Guidance because that Trans-Pecos

Rare tree & Habitats

Bunched cory cactus Chisos hedgehog cactus Davis environment-friendly pitaya Nellie cory cactus Sneed pincushion cactus Hinckley"s oak small aguja pondweed Lloyd"s mariposa cactus Terlingua Creek cat"s-eye

Learn more about Endangered and also Threatened Plants.

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Common Wildlife


Pronghorn Antelope Squirrel Hooded skunk Coyote Javelina Desert bighorn sheep Mule deer mountain lion Cactus mouse Collared lizard western diamondback rattlesnake Cactus wren Roadrunner
Painted redstart Townsend"s large eared bat Tarantula Horned lizard Pyrrhuloxia good horned owl Vermilion flycatcher Bullock’s oriole Jackrabbits Blotched watersnakes Rio Grande tetra Round-nosed minnow Catfish environment-friendly sunfish

Learn an ext about these animals on ours Wildlife fact Sheets.

Rare Animals

black color bearPeregrine falcon Montezuma quailGreater long-nosed Bat mexican spotted owl Desert spring fishes: Comanche Springs Pupfish; Leon Springs Pupfish; Pecos Gambusia; huge Bend Gambusia