Element Mercury - Hg

Comprehensive data on the chemical facet Mercury is listed on this page; including scores that properties, facet names in many languages, most well-known nuclides of Mercury. Common chemical compounds space also provided for plenty of elements. In addition technical terms are attached to their definitions and also the menu consists of links come related posts that are a great aid in one"s studies.

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Mercury Menu

Mercury web page OneOverview of MercuryMercury"s surname in other LanguagesAtomic framework of MercuryChemical nature of MercuryPhysical properties of MercuryRegulatory / HealthWho/When/Where/HowMercury web page TwoNuclides / IsotopesPotential parental NuclidesMercury web page ThreeCommon chemical Compounds the Mercury

Overview that Mercury

Atomic Number: 80Group: 12Period: 6Series: change Metals

Mercury"s name in other Languages

Latin: HydrargyrumCzech: Rtut´Croatian: ŽivaFrench: MercureGerman: Quecksilber - eItalian: MercurioNorwegian: KvikksølvPortuguese: MercúrioRussian: РгутьSpanish: MercurioSwedish: KvicksilverAtomic framework of MercuryAtomic Radius: 1.76ÅAtomic Volume: 14.82cm3/molCovalent Radius: 1.49ÅCross Section (Thermal neutron Capture) σa/barns: 374Crystal Structure: Rhombohedral
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Electron Configuration:1s2 2s2p6 3s2p6d10 4s2p6d10f14 5s2p6d10 6s2Electrons per power Level: 2,8,18,32,18,2Shell Model
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Ionic Radius:
1.02ÅFilling Orbital: 5d10 Number of electrons (with no charge): 80Number of neutrons (most common/stable nuclide): 121Number that Protons: 80Oxidation States: 2,1Valence Electrons: 6s2Electron period Model
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Chemical properties of Mercury

Electrochemical Equivalent:
3.742g/amp-hrElectron work Function: 4.49eVElectronegativity: 2 (Pauling); 1.44 (Allrod Rochow)Heat that Fusion: 2.295kJ/molIncompatibilities:Acetylene, ammonia, chlorine dioxide, azides, calcium (amalgam formation), sodium carbide, lithium, rubidium, copperIonization PotentialFirst: 10.437Second: 18.759Third: 34.202Valence Electron Potential (-eV): 28.2

Physical properties of Mercury

Atomic fixed Average: 200.59Boiling Point: 630K 357°C 675°FCoefficient that lineal thermal expansion/K-1: 181E-6 ConductivityElectrical: 0.0104 106/cm ΩThermal: 0.0834 W/cmKDensity: 13.546g/cc
300KDescription:Silver colored liquid shift metal.Elastic Modulus:Bulk: 25/GPaEnthalpy the Atomization: 61.5 kJ/mole
25°CEnthalpy of Fusion: 2.29 kJ/moleEnthalpy the Vaporization: 56.9 kJ/moleFlammablity Class: Noncombustible LiquidFreezing Point: see melt pointHardness ScaleMohs: 1.5Heat the Vaporization: 59.229kJ/molMelting Point: 234.43K -38.72°C -37.7°FMolar Volume: 14.81 cm3/moleOptical Reflectivity: 73%Optical Refractive Index: 1.000933Physical State (at 20°C & 1atm): LiquidSpecific Heat: 0.139J/gKVapor Pressure = 0.0002Pa
-38.72°C

Regulatory / Health

CAS Number7439-97-6UN/NA ID and ERG guide Number2809 / 172RTECS: OV4550000OSHA permissible Exposure limit (PEL)Ceiling: 0.1 mg/m3OSHA PEL Vacated 1989TWA: 0.05 mg/m3Ceiling: 0.1 mg/m3Potential because that skin absorptionNIOSH recommended Exposure border (REL)TWA: 0.05 mg/m3Ceiling: 0.1 mg/m3Potential for skin absorptionIDLH: 10 mg/m3 Routes of Exposure: Inhalation; Skin absorption; Ingestion; Skin and/or eye contactTarget Organs: Eyes, skin, respiratory system, main nervous system, kidneysLevels In Humans:Note: this data represents normally occuring level of aspects in the typical human, the DOES NOT stand for recommended daily allowances.Blood/mg dm-3: 0.0078Bone/p.p.m: 0.45Liver/p.p.m: 0.018-3.7Muscle/p.p.m: 0.02-0.7Daily dietary Intake: 0.004-0.02 mgTotal fixed In Avg. 70kg human: 6 mg

Who / whereby / as soon as / How

Discoverer: well-known to old civilizationDiscovery Location: UnknownDiscovery Year: UnknownName Origin:From the Greek god Mercury that was the messenger come the gods and was known for his speed; Hg indigenous mercury"s Latin name Hydrargyrum, which comes from the Greek word "hydrargyros" ("hydor" for water and also "argyros" because that silver).Abundance of Mercury:Earth"s Crust/p.p.m.: 0.05Seawater/p.p.m.: Atlantic Suface: 4.9E-07Atlantic Deep: 4.9E-07Pacific Surface: 3.3E-07Pacific Deep: 3.3E-07Atmosphere/p.p.m.: N/ASun (Relative to H=1E12): 125Sources the Mercury:Most mercury comes from cinnabar ore. Annual world production is approximately 8,400 tons. Main mining locations are Spain, Italy, Yugoslavia.Uses of Mercury:Used in thermometers, barometers, fluorescent lamps and batteries.Additional Notes:Causes neurological and kidney damage and blindness. Likewise associated with birth defects. An extremely damaging come aquatic life. The is discovered in paint, batteries, thermometers, electrical equipment, fluorescent lights and also plastics. Likewise used in gold mining industry. Battery account because that 88% the the mercury content in municipal solid waste.

Mercury Menu

Mercury page OneOverview of MercuryMercury"s name in other LanguagesAtomic framework of MercuryChemical properties of MercuryPhysical nature of MercuryRegulatory / HealthWho/When/Where/HowMercury web page TwoNuclides / IsotopesPotential parental NuclidesMercury page ThreeCommon chemical Compounds the Mercury

References

A perform of referral sources used to compile the data noted on our routine table of facets can be discovered on the key periodic table page.

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