Does and also bucks from comparable age class yield similar amounts of venison. You likely won’t see huge differences in meat yields until you deserve to compare a tires buck v the remainder of the meat-pole crowd.

You are watching: Average weight of a whitetail deer

The common Northern whitetail fawn, which contains “button bucks,” weighs about 55 to 75 pounds field dressed, when a healthy and balanced doe fawn weighs 45 to 65 pounds ar dressed. Southern fawns weigh much less — in fact, sometimes less than 30 pounds ar dressed.

Yearling bucks, which selection from tiny spikes come basket-racked 10-pointers, commonly weigh 105 come 125 pounds.

The average mature northern doe will frequently weigh 105 come 120 pounds ar dressed.

For decades, part hunters have relied ~ above chest-girth charts to calculation live weights the deer. Unfortunately, together charts are frequently inaccurate since — amongst other points — lock don’t account because that fluctuations in the body sizes that bucks before and also after the rut. Many biologists placed no stock in any weight estimates based upon chest-girth measurements.

A hunter can obtain a ball-park estimate of his deer’s live load by multiply its field-dressed load by 1.28. My dad, Daniel J. Schmidt the Hubertus, Wisconsin, came up v this factor around 25 years back after comparing the with numerous chest-girth charts and also processing thousands of deer (his father, J.F. Schmidt, began a meat processing firm in 1930s that resulted in several generations of meat cutters).

The 1.28 ratio (or roughly 22 %) most likely won’t happen muster with biologists, however we live in the real world. For the matter, it have to be an excellent enough because that deer-camp comparisons. For example, a yearling buck v a field-dressed load of 125 pounds will have actually an approximated live weight of 160 pounds.

Venison Misconceptions

By misjudging field-dressed weights of whitetails, hunters often have unrealistic expectations of just how much wild they must receive from your butcher. Many facets combine to recognize venison yields. Back a neck-shot maturation buck deserve to yield a large amount that steaks, chops, hamburger and stew meat, the amount of meat appears minuscule when contrasted to the meat productivity of domestic animals.

All pets are developed a little different. Because that hogs, practically everything is used – bacon, hocks, etc. A deer has long foot with little meat ~ above them, whereas steers have the same bone structure (but with much more meat). It’s the muscle and also fat that make castle different.

Although it would be practically to say a deer’s meat productivity is equal to 50 percent that its field-dressed weight, the wouldn’t be totally accurate. A buck’s condition plays a huge role in just how much boneless venison it will yield.

Meat yields (In Pounds)

AnimalWeight*MeatWaste%Meat
Lamb**50401080%
Hog2401895179%
Black Angus60043816273%
Holstein Steer90051338757%
Mature Buck1807210840%

*Carcass weight. Head, hide and intestines removed

**University of Wisconsin research

ECOME A DDH INSIDER because that FREE!

The Equation for wild Yield

Hunters deserve to learn an ext about their deer and how lot venison it will certainly yield by very first obtaining precise field-dressed weight. This number helps recognize the deer’s carcass weight – the deer’s body load minus its head, hide and also innards. Indigenous there, it’s straightforward to calculate just how much wild is ~ above the carcass.

It’s vital to keep in mind that this equation assumes that no component of the deer is lost to garbage from organization damage. Obviously, a deer experiencing bullet – or come a lesser extent, arrowhead – damage to that is back, hams, shoulders or neck will yield substantially much less venison. Therefore, it contains calculations because that “ideal” meat yield – the maximum amount of meat top top a deer v nothing being lost to waste, and a “realistic” meat yield – the quantity of meat a hunter deserve to expect to get after subtracting the pounds of meat lost to bullet/broadhead damage.

The equation does no account for meat that must be eliminated after being destroyed by stomach components or overexposure to warm weather.

Remember, to usage the equation, very first obtain precise field-dressed weight.

How much Does that Weigh?

Mature white-tailed deer can be heavy, yet much of your weight is dispersed in non-meat areas. Right here are some examples of just how weight is spread in north deer. (live weights in parenthesis)

Hide Factor

Fawn: (100 pounds) 6.7 percentAdult doe: (140 pounds) 7.9 percentAdult buck (160 pounds) 8.7 percentBucks: much more than 160 pounds 9 percent

Bone Factor

Fawn: (100 pounds) 13.8 percentAdult doe: (140 pounds) 13 percentAdult buck (160 pounds) 12.4 percentBucks: more than 160 pounds 11.7 percent

Blood Factor

Fawn: (100 pounds) 6 percentAdult doe: (140 pounds) 5 percentAdult buck (160 pounds) 5 percentBucks: more than 160 pounds 5 percent

Using this guide as one example, a 180-pound buck would have actually 16.2 pounds the hide, 21.06 pounds of bones and 9 pounds of blood. Unfortunately, it’s an overwhelming to calculation the live weight of a deer if it has been field-dressed due to the fact that the weight of a deer’s innards varies relying on its health and also diet.

— Pennsylvania State University, room of pet Science and also the Pennsylvania video game Commission, 1968

Carcass weight
= Field-dressed weight separated by 1.331Ideal boneless venison weight= Carcass load multiplied by .67Realistic venison yield= best boneless load multiplied by .70

Let’s to speak a hunter kills a tires buck, and it weighs 165 pounds field-dressed. Using the over equation, we estimate its carcass will weigh 124 pounds, and it will certainly ideally yield 83.08 pounds the boneless meat. The deer’s realistic meat yield is around 58.15 pounds.

Because waste have the right to vary between deer, we imply using the “realistic” figure as a gauge. In the over example, the buck’s reality meat yield would certainly range type 58 to 68 pounds. A 10-pound distinction doesn’t it seems to be ~ like much when dealing with a large deer , yet it’s noticeable once the deer is a fawn or yearling.

*
That’s a whole lot of venison for burger, bratwurst, snack sticks and also summer sausage! (photo by Dan Schmidt)

So, utilizing these formulas on my large doe from critical week, we gain these results:

Doe 1:

Field-dressed load = 156 pounds

Carcass load = 117.2 pounds

Ideal boneless venison weight + 78.5 pounds

Realistic wild yield = 55 pounds.

Doe 2:

Field-dressed weight + 125 pounds

Carcass weight = 93.9 pounds

Ideal boneless venison load = 62.9 pounds

Realistic wild yield = 44.0 pounds

As you deserve to tell, the realistic yield is very conservative. Combined, both of those deer should have realistically succumbed 99.04 pounds that boneless venison. The very best scenario would have carried the number in in ~ 141 pounds.

Thankfully, the shots and also field dressing initiatives were virtually perfect. I had actually both deer processed by a girlfriend (who happens to it is in a expert butcher), and although we did not separate the two deer, we did weigh every one of the boneless venison after it to be wrapped and frozen. Combined, these 2 deer netted my household 124 pounds of wild — not rather “ideal” but additionally quite a bit better than the realistic number.

See more: Can You Get Pregnant By Getting Fingered ? Can You Get Pregnant From Being Fingered

*
Weighing in in ~ 125 and 156 pounds respectively, my 2 does from last week linked to sweet 281 pounds (field dressed). (photo through Dan Schmidt)

Venison Conclusions

In many cases, hunters will likely see small difference in meat yields in between the deer they shoot. Does and bucks from similar age class yield comparable amounts of venison. In fact, don’t intend to see large differences in your net venison yield unless you’re comparing fairly young deer v a big, mature, deep-chested buck.